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Cities with the worst commutes in America

  • Shutterstock
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    Cities with the worst commutes in America

    Commuting easily ranks as one of the least enjoyable parts of a person's day. A recent study found adding 20 minutes to a person's commute had the same effect on job satisfaction as taking a 19% pay cut. Commuters encounter more physical health problems, and low-income commuters are less likely to gain financial stability—among a host of other negative impacts.

    And yet, America’s commutes keep getting longer as people move farther away from the office. The average one-way commute in 2017 was nearly 27 minutes, with much higher averages for people in cities who commute via public transit during peak hours. Stacker analyzed 2017 American Community Survey data on average commutes across the country, including cities categorized by the U.S. Census Bureau as urban areas. These regions are densely populated with at least 2,500 people; we focused on urban areas which have at least 10,000 workers over the age of 16. Each city was ranked by the length of its average one-way commute, with ties were broken in favor of the city with the most people commuting longer than an hour.

    Think you have a long trip to work? Read on to compare it against the worst commutes in the country, and see which California city beat out New York City, Washington D.C., and Los Angeles for the top spot.

  • Famartin // Wikicommons
    2/ Famartin // Wikicommons

    #50. Philadelphia, PA–NJ–DE–MD

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.4 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 11.1%
    Workers 16 years and over: 2,610,679
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 26.0%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 10.7%

  • Dhanix // Wikicommons
    3/ Dhanix // Wikicommons

    #49. Houston, TX

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.5 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 10.4%
    Workers 16 years and over: 2,607,486
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 18.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.7%

  • Doug Kerr // Wikicommons
    4/ Doug Kerr // Wikicommons

    #48. Stockton, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.5 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 14.7%
    Workers 16 years and over: 143,835
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 19.1%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.3%

  • SounderBruce // Wikicommons
    5/ SounderBruce // Wikicommons

    #47. Seattle, WA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.6 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 10.8%
    Workers 16 years and over: 1,701,796
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 17.1%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.7%

  • J. P. Fagerback // Wikicommons
    6/ J. P. Fagerback // Wikicommons

    #46. McKinney, TX

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 11.1%
    Workers 16 years and over: 107,872
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 29.5%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.9%

  • Daniel Case // Wikicommons
    7/ Daniel Case // Wikicommons

    #45. Danbury, CT–NY

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 15.2%
    Workers 16 years and over: 90,699
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 14.5%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 14.2%

  • DanTD // Wikicommons
    8/ DanTD // Wikicommons

    #44. Spring Hill, FL

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 15.3%
    Workers 16 years and over: 52,038
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 33.4%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 1.4%

  • AlexiusHoratius // Wikicommons
    9/ AlexiusHoratius // Wikicommons

    #43. Monticello–Big Lake, MN

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.8 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 13.6%
    Workers 16 years and over: 13,546
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 61.7%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.2%

  • Anrui11 // Wikicommons
    10/ Anrui11 // Wikicommons

    #42. Conroe–The Woodlands, TX

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.8 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 14.6%
    Workers 16 years and over: 133,652
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 36.0%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 1.4%

  • Public Domain
    11/ Public Domain

    #41. Bridgeport–Stamford, CT–NY

    Average one-way commute time to work: 29.9 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 15.0%
    Workers 16 years and over: 462,878
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 13.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 13.5%

  • Public Domain
    12/ Public Domain

    #40. Los Angeles–Long Beach–Anaheim, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 30.0 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 12.4%
    Workers 16 years and over: 5,899,153
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 10.9%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.4%

  • Ken Lund // Wikicommons
    13/ Ken Lund // Wikicommons

    #39. Baltimore, MD

    Average one-way commute time to work: 30.1 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 11.5%
    Workers 16 years and over: 1,127,403
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 40.8%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 5.8%

  • Loco Steve // Flickr
    14/ Loco Steve // Flickr

    #38. Simi Valley, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 30.1 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 12.4%
    Workers 16 years and over: 63,984
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 40.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.3%

  • Public Domain
    15/ Public Domain

    #37. Boston, MA–NH–RI

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.0 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 13.8%
    Workers 16 years and over: 2,292,375
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 35.7%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 3.4%

  • Joe Mabel // Wikicommons
    16/ Joe Mabel // Wikicommons

    #36. Snoqualmie, WA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.1 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 11.5%
    Workers 16 years and over: 11,910
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 3.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.3%

  • Kristain Baty // Wikicommons
    17/ Kristain Baty // Wikicommons

    #35. Atlanta, GA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.4 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 13.1%
    Workers 16 years and over: 2,350,626
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 44.7%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 1.3%

  • Ryanloney // Wikicommons
    18/ Ryanloney // Wikicommons

    #34. Fairfield, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.5 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 17.8%
    Workers 16 years and over: 64,406
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 35.9%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.4%

  • LPS.1 // Wikicommons
    19/ LPS.1 // Wikicommons

    #33. Livermore, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.6 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 16.6%
    Workers 16 years and over: 45,855
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 26.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.2%

  • Basil D Soufi // Wikicommons
    20/ Basil D Soufi // Wikicommons

    #32. San Francisco–Oakland, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 13.9%
    Workers 16 years and over: 1,754,309
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 35.8%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.4%

  • Ken Lund // Wikicommons
    21/ Ken Lund // Wikicommons

    #31. Chicago, IL–IN

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 14.0%
    Workers 16 years and over: 4,165,007
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 22.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 2.7%

  • Public Domain
    22/ Public Domain

    #30. Aberdeen–Bel Air South–Bel Air North, MD

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.8 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 13.5%
    Workers 16 years and over: 110,710
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 42.1%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 3.3%

  • michael c // Wikicommons
    23/ michael c // Wikicommons

    #29. Riverside–San Bernardino, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 31.9 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 15.8%
    Workers 16 years and over: 846,007
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 33.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.3%

  • Jared Wrinkler // Wikicommons
    24/ Jared Wrinkler // Wikicommons

    #28. Firestone–Frederick, CO

    Average one-way commute time to work: 32.3 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 9.2%
    Workers 16 years and over: 12,935
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 68.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 1.0%

  • Keith Skelton // Flickr
    25/ Keith Skelton // Flickr

    #27. St. Helens, OR

    Average one-way commute time to work: 32.4 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 13.3%
    Workers 16 years and over: 11,530
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 54.7%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 3.0%

  • Daniel Case // Wikicommons
    26/ Daniel Case // Wikicommons

    #26. Poughkeepsie–Newburgh, NY–NJ

    Average one-way commute time to work: 32.5 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 17.2%
    Workers 16 years and over: 197,350
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 32.8%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 4.9%

  • Mike Steele // Flickr
    27/ Mike Steele // Flickr

    #25. Round Lake Beach–McHenry–Grayslake, IL–WI

    Average one-way commute time to work: 33.0 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 15.0%
    Workers 16 years and over: 148,924
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 27.1%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 7.7%

  • Daniel Case // Wikicommons
    28/ Daniel Case // Wikicommons

    #24. Middletown, NY

    Average one-way commute time to work: 33.3 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 20.2%
    Workers 16 years and over: 27,806
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 22.7%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 4.7%

  • Bernt Rostad // Flickr
    29/ Bernt Rostad // Flickr

    #23. Lakes–Knik-Fairview–Wasilla, AK

    Average one-way commute time to work: 33.3 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 20.9%
    Workers 16 years and over: 22,133
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 37.1%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.3%

  • Thomson M // Wikicommons
    30/ Thomson M // Wikicommons

    #22. Winder, GA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 33.6 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 15.3%
    Workers 16 years and over: 18,339
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 65.0%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 1.0%

  • Mark Fischer // Flickr
    31/ Mark Fischer // Flickr

    #21. Washington, DC–VA–MD

    Average one-way commute time to work: 33.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 15.5%
    Workers 16 years and over: 2,647,296
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 22.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 26.5%

  • Eugene Zelenko // Wikicommons
    32/ Eugene Zelenko // Wikicommons

    #20. Gilroy–Morgan Hill, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 33.9 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 19.3%
    Workers 16 years and over: 52,171
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 11.5%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.4%

  • Pedro Xing // Wikicommons
    33/ Pedro Xing // Wikicommons

    #19. Manteca, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.0 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 21.3%
    Workers 16 years and over: 38,597
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 34.9%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.1%

  • Craig Howell // Wikicommons
    34/ Craig Howell // Wikicommons

    #18. Hollister, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.1 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 22.4%
    Workers 16 years and over: 20,713
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 53.1%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.0%

  • Billy Hathorn // Wikicommons
    35/ Billy Hathorn // Wikicommons

    #17. Frederick, MD

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.1 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 22.7%
    Workers 16 years and over: 79,332
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 30.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 10.4%

  • Ebyabe // Wikicommons
    36/ Ebyabe // Wikicommons

    #16. Immokalee, FL

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.3 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 20.6%
    Workers 16 years and over: 10,376
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 13.0%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.6%

  • Jon Dawson // Flickr
    37/ Jon Dawson // Flickr

    #15. Westminster–Eldersburg, MD

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.4 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 17.1%
    Workers 16 years and over: 37,341
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 52.7%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 4.0%

  • Timothy Vollmer // Flickr
    38/ Timothy Vollmer // Flickr

    #14. Concord, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.4 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 21.0%
    Workers 16 years and over: 314,683
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 40.8%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.5%

  • Richard Masoner / Cyclelicious // Flickr
    39/ Richard Masoner / Cyclelicious // Flickr

    #13. Vallejo, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 21.3%
    Workers 16 years and over: 77,261
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 55.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.5%

  • Jon Roanhaus // Wikicommons
    40/ Jon Roanhaus // Wikicommons

    #12. Maricopa, AZ

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.8 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 13.9%
    Workers 16 years and over: 19,859
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 56.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 1.9%

  • Clotee Predgen Alloc... // Wikicommons
    41/ Clotee Predgen Alloc... // Wikicommons

    #11. Santa Clarita, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 34.8 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 19.8%
    Workers 16 years and over: 124,597
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 3.9%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.6%

  • Ken Lund // Wikicommons
    42/ Ken Lund // Wikicommons

    #10. Fredericksburg, VA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 36.0 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 23.4%
    Workers 16 years and over: 75,276
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 56.3%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 7.3%

  • Roger Puta // Wikicommons
    43/ Roger Puta // Wikicommons

    #9. New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT

    Average one-way commute time to work: 36.4 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 21.5%
    Workers 16 years and over: 9,003,593
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 37.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 6.8%

  • Billy Hathorn // Wikicommons
    44/ Billy Hathorn // Wikicommons

    #8. Forney, TX

    Average one-way commute time to work: 36.7 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 18.6%
    Workers 16 years and over: 14,899
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 71.4%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.4%

  • Rennett Stowe // Wikicommons
    45/ Rennett Stowe // Wikicommons

    #7. Lancaster–Palmdale, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 37.6 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 28.4%
    Workers 16 years and over: 126,298
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 6.3%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.4%

  • Mr. Matté //Wikicommons
    46/ Mr. Matté //Wikicommons

    #6. Twin Rivers–Hightstown, NJ

    Average one-way commute time to work: 38.5 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 23.5%
    Workers 16 years and over: 33,032
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 37.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 15.8%

  • Famartin // Wikicommons
    47/ Famartin // Wikicommons

    #5. Franklin–Highland Lake, NJ

    Average one-way commute time to work: 41.1 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 29.6%
    Workers 16 years and over: 17,475
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 48.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 8.1%

  • Nicholas A. Tonelli // Flickr
    48/ Nicholas A. Tonelli // Flickr

    #4. Mount Pocono–Emerald Lakes, PA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 41.2 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 26.0%
    Workers 16 years and over: 10,790
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 14.9%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 23.4%

  • Famartin // Wikicommons
    49/ Famartin // Wikicommons

    #3. Chesapeake Beach, MD

    Average one-way commute time to work: 42.0 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 30.6%
    Workers 16 years and over: 12,418
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 46.6%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 21.0%

  • ThisManMustBeStopped // Wikicommons
    50/ ThisManMustBeStopped // Wikicommons

    #2. Antioch, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 43.0 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 31.8%
    Workers 16 years and over: 131,797
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 31.4%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.4%

  • Michael Patrick // Wikicommons
    51/ Michael Patrick // Wikicommons

    #1. Tracy, CA

    Average one-way commute time to work: 43.4 minutes
    Workers with one-way commutes over 60 minutes: 35.3%
    Workers 16 years and over: 42,246
    Workers who commute outside their county of residence: 55.2%
    Workers who commute outside their state of residence: 0.5%

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