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States with the most homelessness

  • #41. Indiana

    - State homeless population, 2019: 5,471 (0.08% of state population, +4.1% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 59.3% men, 40.3% women
    - Race demographics: 60.1% White, 35.3% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 4.5% Hispanic/Latino, 95.5% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Indianapolis (1,567 people, 28.6% of state homeless population)

    Indianapolis is on a five-year plan to end homelessness by 2023, according to Maureen C. Gilmer of IndyStar. One of the plan's goals is to cut the amount of time a person or family lives in a shelter from 86 days to 30. The city is working on building 1,100 new permanent supportive housing units for people who are homeless.

  • #40. South Carolina

    - State homeless population, 2019: 4,172 (0.08% of state population, +6.1% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 63.4% men, 36.4% women
    - Race demographics: 43.0% White, 51.8% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.9% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 2.9% Hispanic/Latino, 97.1% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

    Horry County has the highest rate of homeless people in South Carolina, followed by Richland, Greenwood, and Florence, according to a 2019 report from the South Carolina Interagency Council on Homelessness. The report also found that rural communities lack the resources they need to collect information on homeless populations and provide them with shelter.

  • #39. Connecticut

    - State homeless population, 2019: 3,033 (0.08% of state population, -23.7% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 62.5% men, 37.4% women
    - Race demographics: 51.5% White, 37.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 29.6% Hispanic/Latino, 70.4% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Bridgeport, Stamford, Norwalk, Danbury/Fairfield County (771 people, 25.4% of state homeless population)

    Most of the people in Connecticut who stay at homeless shelters come from struggling cities in the state, according to Jake Kara of The CT Mirror. Those who come from wealthy towns usually have longer durations of stay at homeless shelters. The state has faced a decline in available beds at shelters in recent years.

  • #38. Michigan

    - State homeless population, 2019: 8,575 (0.09% of state population, +2.7% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 58.6% men, 41.2% women
    - Race demographics: 43.6% White, 50.0% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 1.1% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 6.8% Hispanic/Latino, 93.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Detroit (1,965 people, 22.9% of state homeless population)

    Homelessness has been increasing in Michigan due to housing prices that are rising faster than incomes, according to Sarah Cwiek of Michigan Radio. The state also has a scarcity of housing that’s affordable and fit for families.

  • #37. Ohio

    - State homeless population, 2019: 10,345 (0.09% of state population, +0.9% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 59.8% men, 39.9% women
    - Race demographics: 50.1% White, 44.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 3.8% Hispanic/Latino, 96.2% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Columbus/Franklin County (1,907 people, 18.4% of state homeless population)

    Ohio has seen its supply of affordable housing drop, which is contributing to rates of homelessness in the state, according to Bill Faith, executive director of the Coalition on Homelessness and Housing in Ohio, who was quoted in an article by Joseph Cooke of ABC6. Housing costs take up more than half the incomes of 400,000 households in the state.

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  • #36. Arkansas

    - State homeless population, 2019: 2,717 (0.09% of state population, +0.2% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 62.1% men, 37.6% women
    - Race demographics: 60.8% White, 33.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 1.3% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 2.2% Hispanic/Latino, 97.8% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Little Rock/Central Arkansas (1,066 people, 39.2% of state homeless population)

    Low-income people in Arkansas face a severe deficit of affordable housing, which is contributing to the rates of homelessness in the state, according to the Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Other causes of homelessness in Arkansas include mental and physical health problems, substance abuse issues, and lack of education.

  • #35. North Carolina

    - State homeless population, 2019: 9,314 (0.09% of state population, +0.5% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 61.4% men, 38.4% women
    - Race demographics: 42.9% White, 51.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 1.0% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 4.4% Hispanic/Latino, 95.6% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Charlotte/Mecklenberg (1,742 people, 18.7% of state homeless population)

    Around 14% of people in North Carolina who are experiencing chronic homelessness are also coping with a disabling condition such as a serious mental health issue, physical disability, or substance abuse problem, according to the NC Coalition to End Homelessness. While the population of homeless veterans in the state has gone down over the last decade, former military members still comprised 1 in 10 homeless people in North Carolina.

  • #34. Kentucky

    - State homeless population, 2019: 4,079 (0.09% of state population, +10.6% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 61.1% men, 38.8% women
    - Race demographics: 70.3% White, 23.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 3.6% Hispanic/Latino, 96.4% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Louisville-Jefferson County (1,071 people, 26.3% of state homeless population)

    Around 13% of people who are homeless in Kentucky are considered chronically homeless, according to Shaye Rabold, the coordinator for the statewide homeless counting initiative known as K-Count. The vast majority are without a residence because they can't afford rent or have faced a financial challenge like losing a job.

  • #33. Utah

    - State homeless population, 2019: 2,798 (0.09% of state population, -2.7% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 59.8% men, 39.6% women
    - Race demographics: 77.2% White, 9.9% Black or African American, 1.5% Asian, 4.7% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 21.7% Hispanic/Latino, 78.3% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Data not available

    Utah has seen a spike in homelessness over the last few years after once being considered a leading city in the fight to relieve it, according to Gregory Scruggs of Reuters. State officials point to rising housing and land costs, stagnant wages, and the opioid epidemic as the reasons for the increasing rates of homelessness.

  • #32. Texas

    - State homeless population, 2019: 25,848 (0.09% of state population, +2.1% change from 2018)
    - Gender demographics: 63.3% men, 36.4% women
    - Race demographics: 58.0% White, 37.2% Black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.9% Native American or Alaska Native
    - Ethnicity demographics: 26.9% Hispanic/Latino, 73.1% Non-Hispanic/Latino
    - Urban area with the largest homeless population: Dallas City & County, Irving (4,538 people, 17.6% of state homeless population)

    A shortage of affordable housing is the reason for the rate of homelessness in Texas, according to Megan Menchaca of The Texas Tribune. This issue is especially prevalent in urban areas like Austin, Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas-Fort Worth.

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