Skip to main content

Main Area

Main

50 endangered species that only live in the Amazon rainforest

  • Magdalena river turtle

    - Scientific name: Podocnemis lewyana
    - Red List status: Critically endangered
    - Geographic range: Colombia
    - Threatened by: Agriculture & aquaculture, biological resource use, natural system modifications
    - Current conservation efforts: None
    - Citation: Páez, V., Gallego-Garcia, N. & Restrepo, A. 2016. Podocnemis lewyana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T17823A1528580.

  • Yellow-spotted river turtle

    - Scientific name: Podocnemis unifilis
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
    - Threatened by: none
    - Current conservation efforts: Included in international legislation, subject to international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group 1996. Podocnemis unifilis (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T17825A97397562.

  • Giant armadillo

    - Scientific name: Priodontes maximus
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
    - Threatened by: Agriculture & aquaculture, biological resource use
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area, recent education & awareness programs, included in international legislation, subject to international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Anacleto, T.C.S., Miranda, F., Medri, I., Cuellar, E., Abba, A.M. & Superina, M. 2014. Priodontes maximus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T18144A47442343.

  • Black-winged trumpeter

    - Scientific name: Psophia obscura
    - Red List status: Critically endangered
    - Geographic range: Brazil
    - Threatened by: Agriculture & aquaculture, biological resource use
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area
    - Citation: BirdLife International 2018. Psophia obscura (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T45470702A125706121.

  • Giant otter

    - Scientific name: Pteronura brasiliensis
    - Red List status: Endangered
    - Geographic range: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, energy production & mining, transportation & service corridors, biological resource use, invasive & other problematic species/genes/diseases, pollution
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area, recent education & awareness programs, included in international legislation, subject to any international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Groenendijk, J., Duplaix, N., Marmontel, M., Van Damme, P. & Schenck, C. 2015. Pteronura brasiliensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T18711A21938411.

    You may also like: Fastest-warming cities in the U.S.

  • Saguinus bicolor

    - Scientific name: Saguinus bicolor
    - Red List status: Endangered
    - Geographic range: Brazil (Amazonas)
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, transportation & service corridors, biological resource use, invasive & other problematic species/genes/diseases
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, subject to ex-situ conservation, subject to recent education & awareness programs, included in international legislation, subject to any international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Mittermeier, R.A., Boubli, J.-P., Subirá, R. & Rylands, A.B. 2008. Saguinus bicolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T40644A10348136.

  • Lowland tapir

    - Scientific name: Tapirus terrestris
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, biological resource use
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, included in international legislation, subject to any international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Varela, D., Flesher, K., Cartes, J.L., de Bustos, S., Chalukian, S., Ayala, G. & Richard-Hansen, C. 2019. Tapirus terrestris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T21474A45174127.

  • Telmatobius hintoni

    - Scientific name: Telmatobius hintoni
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Bolivia
    - Threatened by: Biological resource use, pollution
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified
    - Citation: Ignacio De la Riva 2010. Telmatobius hintoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T136017A4229613.

  • Black tinamou

    - Scientific name: Tinamus osgoodi
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Bolivia (resident), Colombia, Peru (breeding), Ecuador (seasonal)
    - Threatened by: Agriculture & aquaculture, energy production & mining, biological resource use
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area
    - Citation: BirdLife International 2016. Tinamus osgoodi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22678145A92757567.

  • Amazonian manatee

    - Scientific name: Trichechus inunguis
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, energy production & mining, transportation & service corridors, biological resource use, human intrusions & disturbnce, natural system modifications, pollution, climate change & severe weather
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, area based regional management plan, occurs in at least one protected area, subject to ex-situ conservation, recent education & awareness programs, included in international legislation, subject to any international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Marmontel, M., de Souza, D. & Kendall, S. 2016. Trichechus inunguis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22102A43793736.

    You may also like: Can you solve these real 'Jeopardy!' clues about the oceans?

2018 All rights reserved.