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50 endangered species that only live in the Amazon rainforest

  • Sky blue poison dart frog

    - Scientific name: Hyloxalus azureiventris
    - Red List status: Endangered
    - Geographic range: Peru
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, biological resource use
    - Current conservation efforts: Occurs in at least one protected area, included in international legislation, subject to international management / trade controls
    - Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Hyloxalus azureiventris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T55169A89200449.

  • Amazon river dolphin

    - Scientific name: Inia geoffrensis
    - Red List status: Endangered
    - Geographic range: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, energy production & mining, biological resource use, human intrusions & disturbnce, natural system modifications, pollution
    - Current conservation efforts: Action recovery plan, conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area, included in international legislation, subject to any international management / trade controls
    - Citation: da Silva, V., Trujillo, F., Martin, A., Zerbini, A.N., Crespo, E., Aliaga-Rossel, E. & Reeves, R. 2018. Inia geoffrensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T10831A50358152.

  • Lagothrix lugens

    - Scientific name: Lagothrix lugens
    - Red List status: Critically endangered
    - Geographic range: Colombia
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, transportation & service corridors, biological resource use
    - Current conservation efforts: Occurs in at least one protected area, included in international legislation, subject to international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Stevenson, P. & Link, A. 2008. Lagothrix lugens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T39926A10289596.

  • Southern tiger cat

    - Scientific name: Leopardus guttulus
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, transportation & service corridors, biological resource use, natural system modifications, invasive non-native/alien species/diseases
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, area based regional management plan, occurs in at least one protected area, recent education & awareness programs
    - Citation: de Oliveira, T., Trigo, T., Tortato, M., Paviolo, A., Bianchi, R. & Leite-Pitman, M.R.P. 2016. Leopardus guttulus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species2016: e.T54010476A54010576.

  • Northern tiger cat

    - Scientific name: Leopardus tigrinus
    - Red List status: Vulnerable
    - Geographic range: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, energy production & mining, transportation & service corridors, biological resource use, natural system modifications, invasive non-native/alien species/diseases, pollution
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area, included in international legislation, subject to international management / trade controls
    - Citation: Payan, E. & de Oliveira, T. 2016. Leopardus tigrinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T54012637A50653881.

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  • Brazilian merganser

    - Scientific name: Mergus octosetaceus
    - Red List status: Critically endangered
    - Geographic range: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
    - Threatened by: Agriculture & aquaculture, energy production & mining, biological resource use, human intrusions & disturbance, natural system modifications, pollution
    - Current conservation efforts: Action recovery plan, conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area, subject to ex-situ conservation, recent education & awareness programs
    - Citation: BirdLife International 2018. Mergus octosetaceus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22680482A123509847.

  • Minyobates steyermarki

    - Scientific name: Minyobates steyermarki
    - Red List status: Critically endangered
    - Geographic range: Venezuela
    - Threatened by: Energy production & mining, biological resource use, pollution
    - Current conservation efforts: Occurs in at least one protected area
    - Citation: Enrique La Marca, Celsa Señaris 2004. Minyobates steyermarki. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55202A11264562.

  • Santa Rosa cochran frog

    - Scientific name: Nymphargus megacheirus
    - Red List status: Endangered
    - Geographic range: Colombia, Ecuador
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, biological resource use, invasive non-native/alien species/diseases, pollution, climate change & severe weather
    - Current conservation efforts: Conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area
    - Citation: Wilmar Bolívar, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Ana Almendáriz, Taran Grant 2004. Nymphargus megacheirus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54969A11233360.

  • Horned curassow

    - Scientific name: Pauxi unicornis
    - Red List status: Critically endangered
    - Geographic range: Bolivia
    - Threatened by: Agriculture & aquaculture, energy production & mining, transportation & service corridors, biological resource use, climate change & severe weather
    - Current conservation efforts: Action recovery plan, conservation sites identified, occurs in at least one protected area, recent education & awareness programs
    - Citation: BirdLife International 2018. Pauxi unicornis (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T45090397A126746836.

  • Caquetá tití monkey

    - Scientific name: Plecturocebus caquetensis
    - Red List status: Critically endangered
    - Geographic range: Colombia
    - Threatened by: Residential & commercial development, agriculture & aquaculture, biological resource use, human intrusions & disturbance, pollution
    - Current conservation efforts: None
    - Citation: Defler, T.R. & García, J. 2012. Plecturocebus caquetensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T14699281A14699284.

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