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States with the most hailstorms

States with the most hailstorms
1/Nick Harris // Flickr

States with the most hailstorms

The Mexican city of Guadalajara, which is home to 1.5 million people, on July 2, 2019, was buried under five feet of ice in a bombastic example of hail season. Hailstorms are caused when updrafts in a thunderstorm carry water to high altitudes, where the water freezes into pellets, eventually becoming so heavy that they fall to Earth.

Already in 2019, thousands of hailstorms have rocked the country. Hailstorms can occur from May through September but are most common during spring months. The ice rocks aren't just a bother but an economic disaster; in some parts of the country, hail damage costs billions, affecting homes, businesses, and vehicles.

There are easy ways to prepare for a hailstorm. If driving, one should immediately find shelter under an overpass, gas station, or another roofed area. At home, stay inside and wait out the storm. Hailstorms generally don't cause human casualties, just damage to property, but it's better to be safe and stay inside if possible. When it's over, inspect roofs and windows for damage and leaks, and check vehicles for dents or broken glass before going inside.

Some states have weather patterns and geography that are much more conducive to hailstorms. Others not so much. Good news for residents of Rhode Island, Delaware, Alaska, and Hawaii: No significant hailstorms have hit these states in recent years, so they've been omitted from this list. Otherwise, Stacker used March 2019 data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association to rank every state by how many hailstorms it experienced between January 2009 and December 2018 with ties broken by the amount of property damage they caused. Stacker only counted hailstorms that caused property damage to provide the best look at which states suffer extreme hail events and which are spared. Stacker also identified the hail events which have caused the most damage in each state in the past 10 years and pulled in NOAA's descriptions of these events to give you an idea of the destruction that hailstorms can leave in their wake.

Read on to find out where hailstorms cause the most damage—and may all cars and roofs be spared.

You may also like: Sunniest states in the U.S.

#47. New Hampshire
2/Ben Romalis // Shutterstock

#47. New Hampshire

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 1
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $10,000 (#2 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.001 (#4 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2014 storm in Hillsborough ($10,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An upper-level disturbance moved through southern New England, igniting showers and thunderstorms across the area. Many of these storms produced small to large size hail thanks to very cold temperatures aloft.

#46. Maine
3/Suzanne Tucker // Shutterstock

#46. Maine

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 1
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $1 million (#11 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.07 (#18 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2016 storm in Aroostook ($1 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An isolated severe thunderstorm moved across northeast Aroostook County during the early morning hours of the 11th in advance of a cold front. The storm produced large hail which dented vehicles and broke windows in the Caribou area. Hundreds of vehicles received varying degrees of hail damage. Hail damage to vehicles in the Caribou area was estimated at around $1 million.

#45. Oregon
4/Claudio Stocco // Shutterstock

#45. Oregon

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 2
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $1,200 (#1 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.00003 (#1 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2009 storm in Umatilla ($1,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An upper level trough combined with an approaching cold front and daytime heating produced severe thunderstorms. A brief tornado was observed near Adams in Umatilla County also near Wallowa in Wallowa County.

#44. Connecticut
5/Pixabay

#44. Connecticut

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 4
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $130,000 (#5 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.004 (#5 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2018 storm in Hartford ($70,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A cold front over the Great Lakes moved through Southern New England during the late afternoon and early night of May 15. The air mass over Connecticut was very warm and humid, and as the cold front moved into this air it generated numerous thunderstorms. Some thunderstorms produced damaging wind gusts, large hail, and heavy downpours.

#43. New Jersey
6/Suzanne Tucker // Shutterstock

#43. New Jersey

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 5
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $21,000 (#3 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.0002 (#2 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2011 storm in Atlantic ($10,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: The combination of an unseasonably hot and humid air mass and an approaching cold front helped trigger a line of strong to severe thunderstorms that moved through New Jersey during the evening.

#42. Washington
7/Pixabay

#42. Washington

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 6
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $22,750 (#4 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.0003 (#3 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2014 storm in Stevens ($21,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A deep trough of low pressure dropped down the Washington Coastline then swung inland into the Inland Northwest during the afternoon of July 23. The wave took on a strong negative tilt and moved into a moist and very unstable air mass. The outcome was a widespread severe weather event for eastern Washington and northern Idaho producing large hail, flash flooding, and widespread wind damage. Large hail and heavy rain were the initial threats early in the afternoon. Late in the afternoon, the threat shifted to damaging winds with hundreds of downed or snapped trees. The hardest hit areas were northeastern Washington and northern Idaho. Falling trees led to some injuries in eastern Washington.

#41. Massachusetts
8/Pixabay

#41. Massachusetts

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 7
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $3.1 million (#15 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.04 (#13 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2013 storm in Hampden ($3 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An upper level disturbance moved across southern New England igniting showers and thunderstorms. A cold pool aloft allowed for steep mid-level lapse rates as well as temperatures cold enough for large hail. Storms were isolated but produced damaging winds in northern Connecticut and up to half-dollar size hail in southwestern Massachusetts.

#40. Maryland
9/David Geitgey Sierralupe // Flickr

#40. Maryland

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 9
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $788,000 (#9 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.01 (#8 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Charles ($753,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: High pressure over the western Atlantic pumped in plenty of warm and humid air on the 14. An upper-level disturbance passed through the region during the afternoon and evening hours, bringing showers and thunderstorms. Moderate-to-high amounts of instability was present due to relatively colder air aloft and warm, moist air at the surface. This caused thunderstorms to become severe with large hail being the primary threat.

#39. Florida
10/Pixabay

#39. Florida

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 9
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $791,550 (#10 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.004 (#6 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2013 storm in Leon ($720,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A series of upper level disturbance rotating around a mean longwave trough west of the area brought copious amounts of moisture into the area. The KTAE rawinsonde sounding on the evening of Feb. 22 measured a PWAT value of 1.77 inches, which was the 2nd highest PWAT observed during the month of February at that location. Rainfall amounts generally between 9 and 14 inches were observed during the 5-day period between Feb. 22-26 across the Tallahassee area with similar amounts across the remainder of the Florida Panhandle. This led to areas of flooding. There were also some severe storms during the early morning hours of Feb. 26. The southeast big bend saw significantly less rainfall.

#38. Nevada
11/Picadilly Pink // Flickr

#38. Nevada

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 12
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $105 million (#13 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $3.46 (#12 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Clark ($50 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A strong push of monsoon moisture fueled a five-day outbreak of thunderstorms over the Mojave Desert and southern Great Basin. Numerous storms produced flash flooding and/or severe weather.

#37. Utah
12/Craig & Estelle McKay // Flickr

#37. Utah

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 15
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $399,000 (#6 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.01 (#7 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2009 storm in Uintah ($200,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: Strong thunderstorms produced severe weather events across northwest Utah.

#36. Idaho
13/Steve White // Flickr

#36. Idaho

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 24
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $31.6 million (#20 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $1.80 (#17 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2018 storm in Bonneville ($29.8 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A powerful storm created funnel clouds, a tornado and extremely large hail the early evening of April 7. Hail up to two inches in the Idaho Falls area and funnel clouds and a touchdown in Bingham County.

#35. Puerto Rico
14/ANGHI // Shutterstock

#35. Puerto Rico

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 29
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $519,100 (#8 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.02 (#10 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2017 storm in Juana Diaz ($500,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: The proximity of a mid-upper level trough and a surface shortwave trough with abundant moisture provided favorable environmental conditions for the development of thunderstorms and widespread showers over the region. May 11-12 TJSJ sounding showed west-northwest steering wind flow under 10 knots and precipitable at 1.64 inches. Soils were saturated due to previous rain events, and a Flash Flood Watch was issued for that afternoon.

#34. Vermont
15/Michael Pereckas // Flickr

#34. Vermont

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 31
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $508,000 (#7 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.08 (#19 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2014 storm in Rutland ($120,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: On the afternoon of May 27, one thunderstorm developed near Essex, New York and proceeded to intensify as it moved southeast across a small corridor in Addison and Rutland counties. Despite the singularity of this storm, it produced widespread damage along its path, including damaging hail, winds and urban flash flooding with the city/town of Rutland being the hardest hit. Numerous reports of golf-ball-size hail caused significant damage to car dealerships in/around Rutland.

#33. California
16/Mitch Barrie // Flickr

#33. California

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 32
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $20.4 million (#24 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.05 (#15 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2017 storm in Santa Clara ($20 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: The second in a series of three storms between Jan. 18-23. Storm two occurred Jan. 19-20. Heavy rain, strong winds, and small hail were observed with this frontal system as well as lightning strikes in San Francisco.

#32. Alabama
17/phatman // Flickr

#32. Alabama

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 37
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $3.6 million (#17 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.07 (#17 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2011 storm in Walker ($1.6 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A stalled boundary sagged southward into North Central Alabama on Saturday, March 26, and became a focus for convection ahead of an approaching storm system. Through the day, as the air mass south of the boundary became increasingly unstable, thunderstorms developed across much of the area. This activity continued into the overnight hours. With the approach of a surface low and cold front, activity re-intensified early Sunday morning, March 27, and continued through the pre-dawn hours on Monday as the cold front slowly moved through the area.

#31. Tennessee
18/vanerpaddel // Flickr

#31. Tennessee

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 37
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $31.5 million (#21 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.46 (#22 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Davidson ($25.1 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: On Friday, March 2nd, as a warm and moist surface-based air mass occurred across middle Tennessee in advance of a strong surface cold front, and a deep upper level trough moved closer to the mid-state with strong winds aloft, a significant severe weather outbreak occurred across the mid-state starting in the morning hours and lasting well into the evening hours. Multiple reports of large hail occurred across the area, with sizes ranging from penny to baseball size. Several locations reported thunderstorm wind damage. Two tornadoes, an EF1 and EF2 respectively, occurred across the mid-state with some funnel clouds being reported also.

#30. Arizona
19/Pixabay

#30. Arizona

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 39
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $2.8 billion (#3 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $39.26 (#2 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Maricopa ($2.8 billion in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An unusual series of severe storms with damaging winds and hail struck many portions of the Phoenix area during the afternoon and evening hours.

#29. Montana
20/Pixabay

#29. Montana

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 42
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $61.9 million (#19 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $5.83 (#11 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Gallatin ($60 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A very unstable air mass over Southwest Montana produced numerous thunderstorms during the afternoon hours. Hail the size of baseballs was reported.

#28. Indiana
21/Ben Romalis // Shutterstock

#28. Indiana

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 47
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $4.7 million (#18 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.07 (#16 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Gibson ($3.1 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: Supercells developed and moved across southwest Indiana. The supercells raced east-northeast at 50-to-60 mph as a strong storm system moved northeast from Oklahoma to lower Michigan with its associated cold front sweeping east across the Ohio and Tennessee valleys. Strong wind shear with the storm system combined with warm, moist, and unstable air provided the fuel for supercell thunderstorms.

#27. Virginia
22/Alpha // Flickr

#27. Virginia

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 49
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $2.1 million (#13 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.02 (#12 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Roanoke ($1.8 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A broad, weak upper trough persisted across the eastern U.S., a continuation of the pattern from late July. With a very moist, unstable air mass present across the region and the presence of the upper trough, scattered to numerous thunderstorms developed during the afternoon and persisted even past midnight. The storms generally progressed from the southern Shenandoah Valley area of Virginia to Roanoke and south central Virginia during the late afternoon/evening. Then, around 10 p.m. EDT, a new area of thunderstorms developed in northwest North Carolina, which also quickly became severe. The main event from all of these thunderstorms was severe hail, namely quarter-sized or larger. The Roanoke area was particularly hard hit when a supercell drifted across the city from northeast to southwest. Isolated thunderstorm wind events were also reported.

#26. Illinois
23/Nick Olejniczak // Flickr

#26. Illinois

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 58
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $130.2 million (#10 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $1.02 (#20 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2014 storm in Douglas ($100.8 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A cold front interacted with a warm and humid air mass to produce clusters of severe thunderstorms during the late afternoon and evening of May 21st. Most of the storms were concentrated in a corridor from far southeastern McLean and northern Piatt counties southeastward across Champaign, Vermilion, northern Douglas, and northern Edgar counties. Very large hail up to the size of grapefruits was reported near Tuscola in Douglas County. In addition, thunderstorm cells repeatedly training over the same locations produced flash flooding in two narrow corridors across east central Illinois.

#25. Colorado
24/Hiroaki Protagonist // Flickr

#25. Colorado

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 67
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $4.3 billion (#2 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $75.38 (#1 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2017 storm in Jefferson ($2.3 billion in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: Severe thunderstorm broke out across Denver and the surrounding metro area and produced large damaging hail, strong winds, heavy rain and flash flooding. Large hail up to baseball size, caused extensive property damage to cars, homes and businesses across a large part of Denver and the western suburbs including Arvada, Lakewood and Wheat Ridge. According to the Rocky Mountain Insurance Agency Association, the storm was Colorado's most expensive insured catastrophe, around $2.3 billion. It also ranked as the second costliest hailstorm in U.S. history.

#24. Pennsylvania
25/Pixabay

#24. Pennsylvania

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 69
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $1.7 million (#12 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.01 (#9 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Crawford ($545,000 in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A stationary front lingered across the Upper Ohio Valley on June 4th. Showers and thunderstorms developed to the north of this front and moved across the area. A few of the thunderstorms became severe. Many reports of large hail were received in Crawford and Erie County. Some of the hail was as large as a grapefruit. Many vehicles were damaged by the hail.

#23. Louisiana
26/Pixabay

#23. Louisiana

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 69
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $2.4 million (#14 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.05 (#14 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Avoyelles ($1 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: Multiple upper level disturbances crossed Louisiana during early April while a front remained in the area. This resulted in severe weather occurring from April 2 through 5.

#22. Michigan
27/Nick Harris // Flickr

#22. Michigan

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 79
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $288.5 million (#6 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $2.89 (#13 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Kalamazoo ($175 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: Severe thunderstorms moved into extreme southwestern portions of southwestern Lower Michigan just prior to midnight on April 5, resulting in numerous reports of up to golf-ball-sized hail and winds in excess of 80 mph. The most significant damage occurred across southern Kalamazoo county, especially just west southwest of Schoolcraft.

#21. Wyoming
28/Sarah-Rose // Flickr

#21. Wyoming

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 81
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $62.6 million (#17 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $10.83 (#8 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Campbell ($46 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A severe thunderstorm produced hail to around golf ball size in Gillette, causing extensive damage across the city. The storm moved generally from south to north through the city. The most heavily damaged areas were in the Westover Hills and Foothills subdivisions, as well as the downtown area. The hail damaged the roofs and windows of several thousand homes and buildings. Thousands of automobiles were damaged across the city, including several automobile dealerships that reported damage to nearly their entire inventory. Damage estimates were near $50 million.

#20. Kentucky
29/1SarahSmith // Flickr

#20. Kentucky

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 87
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $8 million (#20 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.18 (#20 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Wolfe ($2 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: During the afternoon and evening hours of March 2, 2012, an historic tornado outbreak occurred in eastern Kentucky. Tornadoes struck Menifee, Morgan, Bath, Wolfe, Laurel, Johnson and Martin Counties causing a combined 16 deaths in those counties. The hardest hit areas were West Liberty in Morgan county, Salyersville in Magoffin county, and East Bernstadt in Laurel county. One of the strongest tornadoes in this outbreak, rated at EF-3 with winds estimated at 140 mph, caused extensive damage in Menifee and Morgan counties. This tornado killed 2 people in Menifee county and took an additional 6 lives in Morgan County. The town of West Liberty was particularly hard hit, with every building in the downtown area suffering some degree of damage. Several homes were swept off their foundations.

#19. Minnesota
30/Jasmeet // Flickr

#19. Minnesota

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 90
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $13 million (#21 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.23 (#21 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Ramsey ($5 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A small complex of thunderstorms became severe across the Twin Cities metro area, and moved east across portions of west-central Wisconsin during the early morning hours of Tuesday, Sep. 21. Several reports of severe hail fell in the southern and eastern portions of the Twin Cities, including the Minneapolis/St. Paul International Airport.

#18. Wisconsin
31/fivedollarones // Flickr

#18. Wisconsin

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 113
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $62.1 million (#18 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $1.07 (#19 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2011 storm in La Crosse ($31.5 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A cold front pushed east into Wisconsin during the late afternoon and evening hours of April 10. Severe thunderstorms developed along the cold front and produced very large hail and three tornadoes over portions of western and central Wisconsin. The hail ranged from quarter to tennis ball size and caused extensive damage to siding and cars in the southern portion of the city of La Crosse (La Crosse County). Although difficult to estimate, damage estimates from insurance companies and contractors in the area were between $20 and 30 million from the one hailstorm. National Weather Service storm survey teams confirmed two EF1 tornadoes and an EF2 tornado in Juneau and Adams counties

#17. West Virginia
32/Pixabay

#17. West Virginia

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 118
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $6.3 million (#19 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.35 (#23 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2016 storm in Taylor ($4.3 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An east to west front had lifted north into southern Ohio and northern West Virginia during the day. By mid afternoon, the front was south of Columbus Ohio to near the Mason Dixon line around Morgantown. More clouds and cooler temperatures lingered north of the boundary. In southern Ohio and western West Virginia, more sunshine allowed for warmer temperatures and increased instability during the afternoon. Temperatures had warmed to the mid and upper 70s with dew points in the lower 60s. Thunderstorms formed during the mid afternoon and moved east. One long-lived cell came across the Ohio River and into Wood County producing large hail.

#16. Missouri
33/editrx // Flickr

#16. Missouri

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 128
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $19.3 million (#23 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.32 (#24 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2011 storm in Jackson ($7 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: April 3, 2011, was an abnormally warm day, with high temperatures in the 80s and 90s. Record high temperatures were broken in several locations. A slow moving cold front, combined with a very strong spring storm system, produced widespread damaging thunderstorms, in the late afternoon and evening hours. Supercellular thunderstorms, developed along and ahead of the cold front, as it sank southward across the area. These thunderstorms produced extremely large hail, greater than golf balls in many areas, as well as damaging winds of 60 to 80 mph.

#15. New Mexico
34/Carl Revell // Flickr

#15. New Mexico

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 136
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $28.1 million (#22 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $1.34 (#18 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Bernalillo ($7.8 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A lone severe thunderstorm developed near San Felipe Pueblo and moved east-southeast along the east mountains. Hail up to two inches in diameter fell and devastated trees, roofs, windshields, and windows across the area.

#14. Arkansas
35/Andrey Solovev // Shutterstock

#14. Arkansas

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 177
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $71 million (#15 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $2.36 (#14 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2009 storm in Pulaski ($65.0 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: While the atmosphere dried out, it heated up on the 30. Scattered thunderstorms bubbled up quickly across the north and built into the central counties. A devastating hailstorm struck parts of Pulaski and Lonoke counties late in the afternoon.

#13. North Dakota
36/jenkinson2455 // Flickr

#13. North Dakota

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 177
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $95.1 million (#14 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $12.51 (#6 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2016 storm in Burleigh ($50.3 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A slow-moving isolated supercell developed in Morton County along a weak cold front during the evening hours in an environment with very strong instability and significant low level moisture. The storms grew into a large bow echo that propagated northeast in a moisture rich environment, with a few supercells developing ahead of the bow. The greatest amount of damage occurred in the Bismarck area of Burleigh County, where very strong wind gusts combined with hail as large as baseballs causing extensive damage to northern portions of the city along with rural locations to the north. The strongest winds were reported in Hettinger County near Bert, where gusts to 80 mph occurred.

#12. New York
37/Marcus Yeagley // Flickr

#12. New York

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 183
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $3.5 million (#16 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.02 (#11 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Tompkins ($1.1 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An upper level disturbance moved across upstate New York. With a moist and unstable air mass already in place, showers and thunderstorms developed across much of the region. Many of these storms produced hail, and in some cases the hail was very large and produced scattered damage.

#11. North Carolina
38/Pixabay

#11. North Carolina

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 193
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $26.1 million (#23 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.25 (#22 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2017 storm in Wake ($12 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: The remnants of Harvey increased the southwesterly flow over Central North Carolina as it moved northeastward through Tennessee and Kentucky. In the wake of the northward moving warm front, a cold front moved into and stalled over Central North Carolina providing lift in the strongly sheared, moist environment. The resulting thunderstorms became severe, producing damaging wind gusts, large hail, and flash flooding.

#10. Georgia
39/John Lodder // Flickr

#10. Georgia

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 251
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $239.5 million (#8 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $2.28 (#15 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2013 storm in Henry ($41 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A strong upper level system combined with a moist south to southeast flow, moderate instability, a cold pool aloft, and enhanced surface convergence along and ahead of an approaching cold front moving through the Deep South. This combination of parameters resulted in widespread severe weather across northwest, west central, and central Georgia including damaging winds, large hail, and a tornado. A wedge of cold air was in place across northeast Georgia, which acted to stabilize this area with only isolated reports of severe weather. The bulk of the severe weather was concentrated along a zone just to the south and west of the wedge front, where instability and low-level shear were maximized.

#9. Kansas
40/Paparacy // Shutterstock

#9. Kansas

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 289
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $242.3 million (#7 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $8.32 (#9 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2010 storm in Sedgwick ($150 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A combination of a low pressure area along the Kansas Oklahoma border, and an outflow boundary across South Central Kansas, led to the development of supercell thunderstorms across South Central Kansas. The supercells thunderstorms were noted for a swath of very large hail that extended from West Wichita to near Udall Kansas. Numerous reports of grapefruit or larger hail were reported across Wichita, with one such hail stone in West Wichita, Kansas, breaking the state record for diameter of 7.75 inches. A few weak tornadoes were also produced, with all the tornadoes moving across open country.

#8. Mississippi
41/Pam Corey // Flickr

#8. Mississippi

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 324
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $566.3 million (#4 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $18.96 (#4 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2013 storm in Hinds ($556.8 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A strong upper level disturbance combined with a strong cold front and associated surface low which crossed the region. A squall line developed across southeast Arkansas and moved quickly across north-central Mississippi during the morning, producing multiple reports of damaging winds and ping-pong to golf ball size hail. There were reports of multiple trees blown down, some roofs blown off buildings and wind gusts of 60-80 mph, with a 77 mph wind gust measured at the Columbus AFB surface observing station.

#7. South Dakota
42/Tom Beard // Flickr

#7. South Dakota

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 336
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $116 million (#11 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $13.15 (#5 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2013 storm in Pennington ($32.5 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A supercell thunderstorm developed near Piedmont and moved slowly southeastward across the Rapid City area and the eastern foothills of the Black Hills. The storm produced very large hail, which caused significant property damage from Johnson Siding and Hisega to Rapid City. The storm also spawned a very brief tornado over prairie land east of Hermosa. Runoff from the slow moving thunderstorm caused street flooding in Rapid City and Rapid Creek to quickly rise into the greenway through town.

#6. Ohio
43/Emily Bell // Flickr

#6. Ohio

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 351
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $105.4 million (#12 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.90 (#21 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2011 storm in Hancock ($88 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: Between May 25 and 26 heavy rainfall occurred as a warm front lifted north across the area. A strong southerly flow, ahead of a cold front, transported very moist air through Tennessee, Kentucky, and into Ohio on May 25. Surface dew points were in the 60s. Wave after wave in the mid and upper levels helped trigger widespread showers, with embedded thunderstorms. High rainfall rates of over an inch per hour occurred with the stronger storms, resulting in widespread flood warnings across Northern Ohio.

#5. Oklahoma
44/Pamela Carl // Flickr

#5. Oklahoma

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 368
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $460.5 million (#5 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $11.68 (#7 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Oklahoma ($450.4 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A surface low developed over the Texas Panhandle through the day, lifting a stationary front northward as a warm front across Oklahoma. As the surface low deepened, a potent dryline developed over western Oklahoma. Storms began during the mid to late afternoon over parts of north-central and northwest Oklahoma, and migrated southward into the Oklahoma City metropolitan area by evening. Significant damage occurred across the Oklahoma City area due to very large hail and severe winds. A couple of brief tornadoes also occurred northwest of Oklahoma City. Total damages of $400 to $500 million were estimated across the Oklahoma City Metropolitan area.

#4. South Carolina
45/Angela Stefanski // Flickr

#4. South Carolina

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 424
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $13.6 million (#22 lowest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $0.27 (#23 lowest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2014 storm in Spartanburg ($8.5 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: Scattered to numerous strong to severe, discrete thunderstorm cells developed across the Piedmont during the afternoon ahead of a slow-moving, nearly stationary backdoor cold front. The storms were prolific hail producers, with some producing larger than baseball size hail. New cells often developed upstream of mature cells, then moved over the same areas, such that some locations saw two or more rounds of large hail. This was especially true across portions of Spartanburg, Cherokee, Union, and York counties.

#3. Nebraska
46/Katie Hannan // Flickr

#3. Nebraska

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 821
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $136.7 million (#9 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $7.09 (#10 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2012 storm in Lincoln ($36.1 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A strong low pressure system produced widespread severe weather across the central plains on April 14. Storms developed over central Nebraska in the late morning hours which produced large hail over portions of Garfield and Wheeler counties. Around the middle of the afternoon, more storms developed over southwest Nebraska in the vicinity of a dry line and warm front as a surface low was placed over Keith and Perkins counties. These storms produced very large hail, several tornadoes, numerous funnel clouds, and heavy rain. The heaviest hit areas were across Lincoln, Logan, and Custer counties as storms continued to develop and move over these areas before finally moving east into eastern Nebraska by late evening.

#2. Iowa
47/Lukas Jonaitis // Shutterstock

#2. Iowa

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 1,301
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $70.7 million (#16 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $2.24 (#16 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2009 storm in Hardin ($22.1 million in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: A very warm, moist, and unstable airmass was in place over Iowa from 8th into the 9th. A 150 square mile area of crops was affected in Hardin County. Total losses were reported on 45,000 acres, with 60% or greater loss on another 55,000 acres. Hail damage in the Otho to Callender areas was described as the worst seen in 20 years. MODIS satellite pictures of the crop damage area included in this report. Estimates of crop damage from this one supercell were over $175,000,000. Governor Culver declared Hardin County a state disaster area within a day or two of the storm, and declared Webster County a disaster area about a week later.

#1. Texas
48/Ian Wajand // Flickr

#1. Texas

- Total hailstorms, 20092018: 1,626
- Total property damage caused by hailstorms: $7.7 billion (#1 highest)
- Annual property damage per capita: $26.70 (#3 highest)
- Worst hailstorm: 2016 storm in Bexar ($1.4 billion in property damage)
- Event description from NOAA: An upper level low pressure system over the Desert Southwest combined with a stationary front to produce thunderstorms across South Central Texas. Some of these storms produced large to giant hail. The largest hailstorm moved across northern Bexar County, crossing the northern half of San Antonio. Damage costs in San Antonio are estimated at $1.36 billion making this the costliest hailstorm ever in the state of Texas according to the Insurance Council of Texas. Estimates do not include commercial losses which will push the losses higher, especially when including 2 other hailstorms at the end of the month. Estimates provided by the Insurance Council of Texas and include damage to 136,000 vehicles and 125,000 homes.

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