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How minimum wage has changed in your state

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kryzhov // Shutterstock

How minimum wage has changed in your state

When President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Fair Labor Standard Act into law in 1938, the federal minimum wage was 25 cents an hour. Fast forward 80 years and the federal minimum wage has jumped to $7.25 and created swirls of debate across the country. Twenty-one states use that $7.25 federal minimum wage, while 14 states and DC have minimum wages above $10 an hour.

The political action organization Fight for $15 is among the largest activist groups working on raising the minimum wage; as the name suggests, the group organizes protests, strikes, and mass media campaigns working towards the goal of more than doubling the minimum wage to $15 an hour. All the major Democratic candidates for president have backed this plan, and President Trump has stated that he's considering it, though his history on the issue has been contradictory and unclear

The academic debate surrounding minimum wage attempts to understand whether raising the minimum wage will cause job losses at retailers that employ many people at minimum wage: While some employees may earn more, overall well-being goes down when layoffs occur. A report released by the Congressional Budget Office states raising the minimum wage gradually to $15 by 2025 could cost 1.3 million jobs, while academics at the University of California Berkeley have predicted low effects on job loss and significant progress in combatting wealth inequality were the law to pass. 

Stacker took a look at all 50 states plus the District of Columbia to explore the varying pay wages of hourly workers, how they compare to the living wage, and where voters and lawmakers are seeing the minimum wage go in the future. 

Combining data from the NCSL's website and the site of the U.S. DOL and inflation-adjusted wages calculated using the CPI calculator with research from news and trusted sources, we discovered each state’s minimum wage, what has changed in 2018, and what the future looks like for America’s hourly workers.

Take a tour from the lowest minimum wage of $5.15 in Georgia and Wyoming to the highest rate of $13.25 being paid to hourly workers in the District of Columbia. 

You may also like: Can you live on minimum wage in your state?

Updated by Zack Abrams

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Alabama

- Current minimum wage: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 2000: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

While 29 states (plus Washington D.C.) have set minimum wage levels above the federally mandated $7.25 an hour, Alabama is not one of them. Birmingham workers have been locked in battle with state legislators since 2016, when the city voted in favor of a 10-cent wage increase that was never put into practice; soon after, the legislature passed a law restricting cities and towns in Alabama from setting their own minimum wage.

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State of Alaska // Flickr

Alaska

- Current minimum wage: $9.89
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.65 ($8.59 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.60 ($11.88 inflation-adjusted)

Alaska's minimum wage rose on Jan. 1, 2019 to $9.89 an hour, after rising from $9.84 in 2018, because of a 2014 law that increases the minimum wage with inflation. According to state law, public school bus drivers are paid at least twice the minimum wage, and the Alaska Permanent Fund sends yearly payments to all Alaskans, regardless of income

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greaterumbrage // Flickr

Arizona

- Current minimum wage: $11.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

Arizona’s minimum wage of $11.00 an hour exceeds the federal minimum wage by over $3, but still is almost 70 cents below what is considered a living wage for an individual. As recent as 2016 the minimum wage was $8.05.

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Marie Kanger Born // Shutterstock

Arkansas

- Current minimum wage: $9.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.55 ($8.42 inflation-adjusted)

The minimum wage in Arkansas is $2 over the federal minimum wage, as well as higher than its surrounding states of Kansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky. In the 2018 midterm elections, voters approved an increase to the state’s minimum wage to $11 an hour by 2021, a 29% increase over three years.

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Eric Garcetti // Wikimedia Commons

California

- Current minimum wage: $12.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.75 ($8.74 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.90 ($9.57 inflation-adjusted)

California’s minimum wage will continue to rise a dollar a year until it reaches $15 for large employers in 2022. Employers with 26 employees or fewer will see the hike to $15 an hour in 2023. The current wage is almost $3 under the living wage for an adult in the Golden State.

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Edward Kimmel // Flickr

Colorado

- Current minimum wage: $11.10
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $1.90 ($6.27 inflation-adjusted)

Colorado is one of 11 states that increased its rates because of previously approved legislation or ballot initiatives. Over 2,000 employees of Amazon are slated to make $15 an hour, almost 50% more than the minimum wage.

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Sage Ross // Wikimedia Commons

Connecticut

- Current minimum wage: $10.10
- Minimum wage in 2000: $6.15 ($9.35 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.12 ($10.30 inflation-adjusted)

The minimum wage is $2.85 higher than the federally mandated rate of $7.25. Governor Ned Lamont in May 2019 signed a bill to increase minimum wage to $15 incrementally between 2019 and 2023, with the first increase to $11 scheduled for October 2019.

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AR McLin // Flickr

Delaware

- Current minimum wage: $8.75
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.65 ($8.59 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.00 ($6.60 inflation-adjusted)

In July, Delaware joined the states increasing their minimum wages in 2018. The minimum wage will increase incrementally over four years, starting with $8.75 and ending at $10.25 an hour. The increase is still well below the living wage of $12.68 for an individual.

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glennbphoto // Flickr

Florida

- Current minimum wage: $8.46
- Minimum wage in 2000: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

Florida’s minimum wage increased by 21 cents to $8.46 on Jan.1, 2019. The 2.5% increase is still more than $3 under the living wage for a Florida resident.

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Georgia

- Current minimum wage: $5.15
- Minimum wage in 2000: $3.25 ($4.94 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $1.25 ($4.13 inflation-adjusted)

Georgia’s state minimum wage is over $2 under the federally mandated rate of $7.25 an hour, the lowest minimum wage in the country along with Wyoming. At this rate, a resident would need to work 83 hours a week to afford a one-bedroom apartment at Fair Market Rent.

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Gabrielle Joyner / US Navy // Wikimedia Commons

Hawaii

- Current minimum wage: $10.10
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.25 ($7.98 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.90 ($9.57 inflation-adjusted)

Hawaii’s minimum wage sits $2.85 above the federally mandated minimum wage. At this rate, a person would need to work 2.7 jobs to afford a one-bedroom apartment at Fair Market Rent.

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Boise Metro Chamber // Flickr

Idaho

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.30 ($7.59 inflation-adjusted)

Idaho is right on the money, meeting the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25. However, it falls more than $3 below the living wage for an individual. Workers would have to log 66 hours a week to afford a one-bedroom apartment.

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annaewaters // Flickr

Illinois

- Current minimum wage: $8.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.30 ($7.59 inflation-adjusted)

Workers in Illinois earn $1 over the federally mandated wage, and the minimum wage is set to increase to $15 by 2025. However, the minimum wage in Chicago is already $13, which has seen a 57% increase since 2015.

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AFL-CIO Field // Flickr

Indiana

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.00 ($6.60 inflation-adjusted)

Indiana employers pay workers the current federally mandated wage of $7.25 per hour. This is $3.82 under the living wage for an individual in the state. However, several legislators have proposed minimum wage increases in the statehouse.

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Iowa

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

Iowa workers can expect to make the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25. About 75% of workers who get minimum wage in Iowa are women, compared to two-thirds nationwide. If the minimum wage were to increase to $15 by 2024, wages would be boosted for 329,000 women in Iowa.

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Doug Kerr // Flickr

Kansas

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $2.65 ($4.03 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $1.60 ($5.28 inflation-adjusted)

If you work in Kansas, you have seen the minimum wage stay at $7.25 for the last decade. This is the same rate the federal government has mandated since 2009.

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AFL-CIO Field // Flickr

Kentucky

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.15 ($7.10 inflation-adjusted)

The Bluegrass State mirrors the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25. This translates into $290 a week based on a 40-hour work week or $15,080 per year. An individual would need to make over $3.50 more an hour to meet the living wage of $10.82.

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AFL-CIO Field // Flickr

Louisiana

- Current minimum wage: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 2000: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

In 2018, senators from Louisiana voted down a bill that would raise the minimum wage from $7.25 to $8 in 2019 and $8.50 in 2020. Louisiana is one of five states that has no minimum wage. The others are Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Tennessee.

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Maine

- Current minimum wage: $11.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

The Pine Tree State’s minimum wage increased to $11 an hour in 2019 and will rise to $12 in 2020. It dips 90 cents below the living wage for an individual living in Maine this year.

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MDGovpics // Flickr

Maryland

- Current minimum wage: $10.11
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

Maryland’s minimum wage is almost double what it was in 2000 and has tripled since 1980. The jump to the current minimum wage represents the last of the phased-in increases set by Maryland lawmakers in 2014. Next year, it will rise to $11 and will rise each subsequent year after that until it hits $15 in 2025. 

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Massachusetts

- Current minimum wage: $12.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $6.00 ($9.12 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

In 1912, Massachusetts became the first state to enact a minimum wage law to protect women and child workers younger than 18 (all of whom at the time were earning around $5 for a more-than-50-hour week). The District of Columbia—and 14 additional states—followed suit, only to be struck down in a 1923 Supreme Court decision deeming a mandated minimum wage unconstitutional. That decision wasn’t reversed until 1937. Massachusett's minimum wage will rise 75 cents each year until it's $15 on Jan. 1, 2023. 

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Michigan

- Current minimum wage: $9.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

Michigan’s minimum wage sits $2.20 above the federally mandated wage. Lawmakers voted in 2018 to adopt measures to raise the minimum wage to $12.05 an hour by 2030. 

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Fibonacci Blue // Flickr

Minnesota

- Current minimum wage: $9.86/$8.04
- Minimum wage in 2000: $4.90-$5.15 ($7.45-$7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.90 ($9.57 inflation-adjusted)

Minnesota was one of 19 states that rung in the New Year with a minimum wage increase. Over the past eight decades, the federally mandated minimum wage has increased 22 times from 25 cents to its current rate of $7.25.

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Phil Roeder // Flickr

Mississippi

- Current minimum wage: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 2000: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

If the minimum wage requirement were to disappear, it would become legal for seven states, including Mississippi, to pay less than minimum wage. Mississippi, along with Tennessee, Louisiana, Alabama, and South Carolina have no state minimum wage at all.

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Senator McCaskill // Flickr

Missouri

- Current minimum wage: $8.60
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

Missouri voted in 2018 by statewide ballot measure to adopt a plan that will increase the minimum wage to $12 an hour effective Jan. 1, 2023. The current minimum wage of $8.60 is still $2.54 below a living wage in the state. 

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Blue MauMau // Flickr

Montana

- Current minimum wage: $8.50/$4.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $4-$5.15 ($6.08-$7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.00 ($6.60 inflation-adjusted)

Things are looking up for Montana workers as the minimum wage recently increased from $8.30 to $8.50 per hour in 2019, because of a law that mandates the minimum wage be indexed to inflation. An estimated 8,200 Montana workers, or 1.8% of the workforce, received hourly wages less than $8.50 per hour in 2018.

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Nebraska

- Current minimum wage: $9.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $1.60 ($5.28 inflation-adjusted)

Nebraska has come a long way since 1980 when the minimum wage was set at $1.60. Just a year later the minimum wage endured a record-breaking freeze at $3.35.

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irina slutsky // Flickr

Nevada

- Current minimum wage: $8.25/$7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.75 ($9.08 inflation-adjusted)

In Nevada, employees must be paid the minimum rate of $8.25 an hour, but if the employer offers health benefits, you can be paid $7.25. The minimum wage is set to increase gradually until it hits $12 in 2024. 

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Jon Platek // Wikimedia Commons

New Hampshire

- Current minimum wage: $7.25, repealed by HB 133 (2011)
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

New Hampshire has the lowest minimum wage in New England. Surrounded by states with a minimum wage of over $10, the Granite State pays the federally mandated rate of $7.25.

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a katz // Shutterstock

New Jersey

- Current minimum wage: $8.85
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

New Jersey’s minimum will head north in January 2019 to $8.85. The increase is set by a 2.88% year-over-year increase in the consumer price index, which is used annually to account for inflation.

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Ken Lund // Flickr

New Mexico

- Current minimum wage: $7.50
- Minimum wage in 2000: $4.25 ($6.46 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.65 ($8.75 inflation-adjusted)

Hospitality staff in New Mexico can be paid a lower cash wage than the minimum wage by their employers, as up to $5.37 in tips earned per hour can be deducted from their wage as a "Tip Credit." This leaves a wage of $2.13. The restaurant and food service industry is the single largest employer of near-minimum-wage workers nationwide.

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The All-Nite Images // Flickr

New York

- Current minimum wage: $11.10
- Minimum wage in 2000: $4.25 ($6.46 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

While the minimum wage in New York is $11.10 an hour, workers at JFK and LaGuardia airports will earn $19 per hour by 2023. Over 40,000 airport workers in the Empire State will feel the bump. In 1949, the minimum wage jumped from 40 cents to 75 cents with increased coverage for airport workers.

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jarnocan // Flickr

North Carolina

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.75 ($9.08 inflation-adjusted)

While the state sits at a minimum wage of $7.25, it was first in line to adopt a $15 an hour minimum wage for state employees. About 9,000 state workers are celebrating in the Tar Heel State.

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Fargo-Moorhead CVB // Flickr

North Dakota

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.60–$3.10 ($8.58-$10.23 inflation-adjusted)

North Dakota pays workers the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25, which has not increased since 2009. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the state’s average hourly wage was $23.14 while the median hourly wage was $19.25 in 2018.

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Ohio

- Current minimum wage: $8.55/$7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $2.80-$4.25 ($4.26-$6.46 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.30 ($7.59 inflation-adjusted)

Ohio’s minimum wage increased on Jan. 1, 2019, to $8.55 per hour from $8.30. Tipped employees' wages jumped to $4.30 plus tips.

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Walmart Corporate // Flickr

Oklahoma

- Current minimum wage: $7.25/$2.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $2-$5.15 ($2.91–$7.49 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.00 ($6.60 inflation-adjusted)

Workers in Oklahoma, where the minimum wage sits at the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25, may be surprised to learn that 10 former presidents (Democratic and Republican) have approved raises. There is a grassroots campaign growing from coast to coast to raise the minimum wage to $15.

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Valfontis // Flickr

Oregon

- Current minimum wage: $10.75
- Minimum wage in 2000: $6.50 ($9.88 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.90 ($9.57 inflation-adjusted)

Oregon's minimum wage was recently increased from $10.75 to $11.25 on the first of July. On July 1, 2022, the wage will increase to $13.50 and will then be indexed to inflation beginning one year later. 

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governortomwolf // Flickr

Pennsylvania

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

Fifty years ago the purchasing power of the minimum wage was at its highest. Workers from Pennsylvania would have more buying power than they do today at their minimum wage rate of $7.25. State workers were just awarded an increase to $12 an hour with a bump of 50 cents each July 1 until their minimum wage reaches $15 per hour in 2024.

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6SN7 // Flickr

Rhode Island

- Current minimum wage: $10.50
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.65 ($8.59 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.65 ($8.75 inflation-adjusted)

Rhode Island's minimum wage jumped to $10.50 in 2019. The living wage for an individual is nearly $2 higher than the minimum wage, and no further increases are currently planned. 

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TheDigitel Myrtle Beach // Flickr

South Carolina

- Current minimum wage: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 2000: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

South Carolina is one of five states that does not have a state-level minimum wage. President Franklin D. Roosevelt introduced the first federal minimum wage 80 years ago. Minimum wage was 25 cents an hour which would be about $4 per hour in today’s money.

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puroticorico // Flickr

South Dakota

- Current minimum wage: $9.10
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.30 ($7.59 inflation-adjusted)

South Dakota’s minimum wage increased to $9.10 on Jan. 1, 2019. This rate sits $3.26 above the poverty level and $1.28 below the living wage for an individual.

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Tennessee

- Current minimum wage: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 2000: no state-level minimum
- Minimum wage in 1980: no state-level minimum

Although the Tennessee economy is experiencing record low unemployment rates, employers in the hospitality industry report having a difficult time attracting workers because of the state’s minimum wage. Tennessee’s minimum wage has not changed in a decade when lawmakers raised it from $5.58 to the federally mandated $7.25.

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andjohan // Flickr

Texas

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $3.35 ($5.09 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $1.40 ($4.62 inflation-adjusted)

Texas workers earn the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25. In 1968, full-time minimum wage workers earned the equivalent of $20,600 a year, while those earning the current $7.25 in 2019 would only make $15,080.

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D Christian Harrison // Flickr

Utah

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.35–$2.60 ($7.76-$8.58 inflation-adjusted)

Utah workers are paid the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25. In 2018, lawmakers voted against the jump to $12 hour.

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Office of Sen. Bernie Sanders // Wikimedia Commons

Vermont

- Current minimum wage: $10.78
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.75 ($8.74 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.10 ($10.23 inflation-adjusted)

The Green Mountain’s minimum wage sits at $10.77, after Governor Phil Scott vetoed a bill that would have increased the minimum wage to $15 by 2024. Each year, the minimum wage rises according to inflation. 

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AFL-CIO Field // Flickr

Virginia

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.35 ($7.76 inflation-adjusted)

Virginia hourly workers were among 542,000 workers who earned exactly the prevailing federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour in 2017. The percentage of hourly paid workers earning $7.25 or less declined from 2.7% in 2016 to 2.3% in 2017.

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Seattle City Council // Wikimedia Commons

Washington

- Current minimum wage: $12.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $6.50 ($9.88 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.30 ($7.59 inflation-adjusted)

Washington workers are being paid the second-highest minimum wage in the country, tied with Massachusetts and California. The minimum wage will rise to $13.50 on Jan. 1, with annual indexing to inflation beginning the following year. 

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U.S. Department of Labor // Wikimedia Commons

Washington D.C.

- Current minimum wage: $14.00
- Minimum wage in 2000: $6.15 ($9.35 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.50–$3.50 ($8.25-$11.55 inflation-adjusted)

Washington D.C. has the highest minimum wage in the country at $14.00. While this rate is $8.16 above poverty level, it is $3.76 below the living wage for an individual; D.C. has a very high cost of living with exorbitant housing costs

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Tim Kiser // Wikimedia Commons

West Virginia

- Current minimum wage: $8.75
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $2.20 ($7.26 inflation-adjusted)

West Virginia’s minimum wage of $8.75 is $2.09 under the living wage for an individual. In 1997, President Bill Clinton introduced legislation allowing states to set their own minimum wage.

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Richard Hurd // Flickr

Wisconsin

- Current minimum wage: $7.25
- Minimum wage in 2000: $5.15 ($7.83 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $3.00  ($9.90 inflation-adjusted)

Wisconsin workers earn the current federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25. Federal minimum wage only rises when a bill is passed by the Senate and signed into law by the president.

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dconvertini // Flickr

Wyoming

- Current minimum wage: $5.15
- Minimum wage in 2000: $1.60 ($2.43 inflation-adjusted)
- Minimum wage in 1980: $1.60 ($5.28 inflation-adjusted)

Wyoming workers have a kinship with hourly employees from Georgia who have the lowest minimum wage of $5.15 per hour. That is the same minimum wage that existed during a record-breaking federal freeze from 1997 to 2007.

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