Benjamin Franklin said there are only two things certain in life: death and taxes. The latter helps to keep cities, states, and the country going—but that doesn't mean every dollar is going toward equal causes.
It's public knowledge that most taxation gets allocated for public transportation, schools, parks, defense, public works, and the like. But have you ever wondered where the rest of your tax money goes?
There are certainly some lesser-known, highly unusual, and even on occasion frivolous projects being funded every day by taxpayer money. Through Stacker's own independent research, the team found examples of tax dollars going toward everything from fancy bus stops and glow-in-the-dark billboards to teaching animals to run and potato chip PR—as well as interactive art and innovative outreach.
Check out this list to see an example of quirky projects being funded by your state—and then see what all the other states are up to.
The Department of Justice spent $500,000 to install powerful, high-quality surveillance cameras in Baldwin County courtrooms. The cameras were able to zoom in on computer screens and text messages, as well as overhear conversations between attorneys and their clients. Eventually, they were deemed too powerful to use because they violated people's constitutional rights to privacy.
Akutan, Alaska, spent more than $100 million on an airport and harbor that are essentially inaccessible and sit unused. The airport cost $75 million and the harbor $29 million. There are only five boats in the entire town—and the harbor has connecting roads to the town. As for the airport, there are no airlines running so it is also unused.
Arizona State University (ASU) was awarded almost $150,000 to develop a parking management system powered entirely by smartphone apps. There are other privately owned parking apps in the area, but the ASU campus was the pilot program for this app. The app measures people's driving data and gives them a better parking experience.
A $60,000 General Improvement Fund grant was awarded in 2013 to a West Memphis nonprofit that promised to use the money to build a three-quarter transitional home that would provide shelter for homeless veterans. Yet upon a 2017 progress review, no such structure had been implemented for the project by Creative Strategies Community Development Corp.—although the organization had bought a small home that it rents out.
The scientists at the University of California–Santa Cruz were curious about mountain lions' ability to run on a treadmill. They spent $856,000 in federal grant money to see whether they could teach the wild animals to run on the machine. In fairness, the mountain lions did learn—so maybe it wasn't a total waste.
The Department of Health and Human Services spent $676,147 to persuade mothers to persuade their daughters to stop using tanning beds as well as drum up support for a legal ban of the beds. The campaign was blasted across social media platforms including Instagram, YouTube, and Facebook.
The governor of Connecticut approved a budget of $10 million to construct a new soccer stadium in the city of Hartford. The state has approved other frivolous spending, but the soccer stadium is by far the most expensive.
Wilmington, Del., in 2017 was awarded more than $5 million to clean up and address abandoned and foreclosed properties across the city and state. The money is additionally being used to create new housing projects to help families and individuals in need of housing assistance.
Turtles are a major part of the Florida landscape and are beloved by many Floridians. People love the reptiles so much, in fact, that Florida lawmakers approved a $3.4 million tunnel made especially for turtles so they can cross major highways safely.
Virtually Better Inc. in 2012 was awarded a $225,000 grant from the Department of Health and Human Services to develop a virtual weight loss system that worked not by getting people to actually lose the weight, but by helping them form habits that could lead to weight loss. The second phase of this project garnered an additional $1,264,285.
In 2011, Hawaii received $48,700 from the Department of Agriculture to fund the Second Annual Hawaii Chocolate Festival. Tickets for the festival were $25 each at the door and attendees received 10 samples of chocolate during the five-hour event.
While the right to bear arms is covered by the second amendment, the government is not supposed to fund the industry. That wasn't clear in Idaho because $24,000 was given to the Idaho Firearms and Accessories Manufacturers Association to study the economics of the state's gun industry.
An Illinois suburb has been funding a 500-room Westin hotel for more than a decade, using taxpayer money. Last year, the hotel filed for bankruptcy and the funded $4.3 million was lost. At the time of filing, the Westin was $246.6 million in debt. DuPage County, home to Lombard, has the second-highest property taxes in the state of Illinois.
NFL stadiums cost taxpayers a lot of money—about $3 billion, to be exact. However, the residents of Indiana shell out the big bucks for the Indianapolis Colts. According to a 2017 report, more than $600 million in taxpayer money goes into funding the Lucas Oil Stadium.
A new pizzeria in downtown Cedar Falls, Iowa, was given a $60,000 Main Street challenge grant to carry out multiple green design elements, including a vertical garden (to provide herbs for the kitchen) and a water permeable patio to reduce the burden on the city's storm sewers. The funds, awarded by the Iowa Department of Economic Development Main Street Iowa board, came from the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
The Kansas government has been racking up pretty pennies in thousands of no-bid contracts in recent years. The number of no-bid contracts since 2013 has grown by more than 4,500, which costs about $160 million within the same time frame. Now, the number has surpassed 7,000 with a cost of $428 million.
To find out if cocaine use increases your sex drive, the National Institute of Health awarded $175,000 to the University of Kentucky to perform a study... using Japanese quails. All told, the research cost more than $340,000 and lasted more than two years.
The United States Coast Guard spent more than $24,000 on a float in the NOLA Mardi Gras parade in 2011. The float was primarily used as a recruitment tool to help boost sign-ups and educate people on the importance of the Coast Guard.
It is the age of technology, and one school district in Maine is taking that very seriously. Auburn in 2011 found $228,000 to buy every kindergarten student an iPad—funding which included $96,000 in leftover federal stimulus money.
The Department of Health and Human Services in 2016 awarded $564,176 to the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in order to explore the perception of tobacco stigmatization among LGBT adults. The study specifically looked at undesirable consequences of denormalization of tobacco in the LGBT community.
A federal grant of $3.5 million was used to install solar panels on top of the parking garages at the Manchester-Boston Airport, but it ended up being a major fail on their part. A quarter of the panels had to be removed because they were blinding pilots during takeoff and landing.
Did you know that Michigan plays a major role in the life of a Christmas tree? Well, the state wants it known because $75,000 of taxpayer money was used to increase awareness of the fact that Michigan is the third-largest producer of Christmas trees. The name of the campaign is “Make it a Real Michigan Christmas.”
The Minnesota city of Duluth is the fourth-snowiest city in the United States; getting on average more than 80 inches of snow a year. Still, the city somehow managed to secure $6 million for a snowmaking facility at Spirit Mountain Recreation Area.
The Department of Agriculture gave a three-year grant of almost $743,000 to Montana State University to study the connection between sheep grazing and organic farming. With their findings, the university will develop two new college courses. It has been a long-understood fact that sheep graze, leading some to wonder about the relevance of such research.
Sergeant's Pet Care Products secured $505,000 from the government for new machinery and equipment to produce more pet shampoo, toothpaste, and other care products for furry friends. The grant was expected to help the company add 58 new full-time positions.
A census is usually performed when the government wants to know how many people are living in an area, and how those people live. However, in 2011, Nevada used $60,000 of taxpayer money to run a tree census to take a tree inventory in the area (there are 15,000). Of course, the grant wasn't just for counting—the data includes site characteristics, maintenance, location, and species tracking. The information was to be used for an updated tree maintenance plan.
The small town of Keene, N.H., has about 23,000 people and 40 police officers. Crime levels here are extremely low; but that didn't stop the town from accepting $243,000 for a BearCat armored vehicle, mostly to patrol events like the pumpkin festival.
After the superstorm that was Hurricane Sandy slammed the East Coast in 2012, New Jersey was given part of $6 million to fund the rebuild of cities. However, most of that was allegedly misused to fund tourism advertisements for the Garden State.
New Mexico State University was given almost $25,000 to develop a course called “Should We Want to Be Happy?” The scope of the class would focus on what it means to be happy and where that feeling comes from.
The government thought New York's Martin Sidor Farms needed some help with marketing, despite the fact that the company was named the snack of the day on the "Rachael Ray Show." The farm was awarded $50,000 to increase brand awareness and drive consumer sales.
It's not just the younger generation that is affected by video games—a research team from North Carolina State University and Georgia Tech used a $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study whether computer games might be able to inhibit mental decline in the elderly.
North Dakota has increased state spending on education, primarily K-12, over the past few years. The increase was said to be 80% over the course of only a few years—however, the state did not see any payoff in terms of bettering the students.
Columbus, Ohio, used $98,000 to purchase an underwater robot to assist with underwater rescues. This was part of a project put in place by the federal government to help urban areas respond better to dire situations.
Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin in 2017 claimed state office spending of nonessential swag items like promotional stress balls, pens, mugs, and bags were costing the state up to $58 million in taxpayer money each year. Fallin ordered a statewide moratorium through June of 2018 on such items.
The USDA in 2012 awarded Cottage Grove, Ore., $15,000 to add a bit of pizzazz to its historic district. The money went toward a new archway that leads right onto the main street of Cottage Grove.
The National Institute of Health awarded a $668,000 grant to the University of Pennsylvania in 2016 to study the connection between Twitter use and heart health. The project is a follow-up to a previous study of keywords that demonstrated fatigue, interpersonal tension, and hostility, suggesting a higher risk of death from atherosclerotic heart disease.
Brown University was given $18,000 to study the effects of alcohol on gay, minority men. The research focused on how alcohol affects the sex drive and sexual decisions of men.
The Medical University of South Carolina was awarded almost $700,000 by the National Institutes of Health to fight high blood pressure. To accomplish this, they tested a meditation app on ages 21 to 50 to see whether it could help to regulate the subjects' high blood pressure.
The National Endowment for the Arts gave $12,000 to South Dakota State University to help preserve the school's long-standing “Hobo Day." Since 1912, the homecoming event has included a parade through campus and downtown Brookings, football game, and various other activities.
The University of Tennessee used $4.9 million in taxpayer money to promote healthy eating and fight obesity among college students through a “Get Fruved" campaign. The social media and outreach campaign is titled as a blend word alluding to fruits and vegetables The initiative, for which UT partnered with 13 other schools, involved students dressing up as fruits and vegetables, organizing dance parties, and gardening on campus.
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development awarded a grant of $484,000 to CSSD Mushroom, Inc., to build a new structure in Arlington, Texas, for the Mellow Mushroom Pizza restaurant. The funding for the hippie-themed, national pizza chain was expected to create at least 36 new, full-time jobs.
The U.S. Economic Development Administration awarded $1 million in 2012 to the Ogden City Corporation of Ogden, Utah, to help establish a “mobile apps lab.” The lab was designed to offer space for business start-ups and training for new workers in the growing mobile devices and software applications field. Over the next decade, the lab was anticipated to generate $4.6 million and create 750 jobs.
The Conservation Commission in Vermont received $150,000 from the federal government to install a culvert under a busy road so salamanders and other amphibians could safely cross the street. The location was carefully selected, as the tunnel would provide these animals with a safe passage to a specific swamp they use every year for mating.
If you want to see what a $1 million bus stop looks like, head to Arlington, Va. Built by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority and funded with money from county, state, and federal governments, the bus stop has heated concrete floors, 10-in-high curbs, space for two buses to pull up at once, and shelter sufficient for up to 15 people.
The Federal Economic Development Administration in 2011 awarded $2 million to Washington State's Clore Center and the Port of Benton in order to help create the Walter Clore Wine and Culinary Center. The $4 project would create several indoor and outdoor spaces to be used for a tasting room, classroom, and office space including conference rooms, shops, and vineyard areas to be used for education.
Martinsburg, W.Va., museum “For the Kids, By George" received $3,700 from a National Scenic Byways grant to support interactive projects, including a 1920s-era streetscape out of Legos. The permanent exhibit was chided by some for getting funding at a time when thousands of actual West Virginia bridges and roads were in need of repairs and upgrades.
There are 37 bridges in a Wisconsin county that average just 568 vehicles a day. The light traffic didn't dissuade a $15.8 federal stimulus package a decade ago from supporting repair or replacement projects for the structures.
A Wyoming school district found itself in some hot water when it became public that the district used a huge portion of its $9.6 million in contributions on things other than education. Instead, the Natrona County School District—which employees 2,500 people and has 12,975 enrolled students—has 1,400 workers with access to district cards. There were 28,000 transactions made in 2017, averaging 76 transactions every day. About $287,000 of the funding was used at 457 restaurants (including $6,195 at Krispy Kreme), $622,000 on travel (United Airlines alone made $102,000 off the district), and $1.08 million on entertainment (including $317,000 to Amazon and more than $10,000 to iTunes).