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Countries where political representation of women is highest

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Johann Schiff // Wikicommons

Countries where political representation of women is highest

1992 was declared "The Year of the Woman" after an unprecedented number of women candidates were listed on ballots in major federal races. 24 women were elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Senate tripled the number of women in its chamber. 2018 is shaping up to be another record-breaking year for political representation. More women than ever are running for office, with a record-smashing 256 winning their primaries. The question of whether these women will win their races will only be answered on Election Day this November.

If they do, it would mark a meaningful improvement to women’s political representation in the United States. The World Economic Forum’s 2017 Global Gender Gap Reportuses global data to create indices that measure gender equality around the world. Stacker examined the political empowerment index, which compares countries based on the ratio of women to men in their national governments, to rank the top 50 countries where political representation of women is highest.

Unfortunately, the U.S. does not appear on this list. According to the index, which weighs the ratios of women to men in parliament (31%) and ministerial positions (24.7%) alongside the ratios of how long there’s been a female head of state compared to a male head of state in the last 50 years (44.3%), the United States is ranked #96.

Read on to discover the countries with the best gender equality in politics. 

ALSO: Countries where political representation of women is lowest

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No attribution required // Pixnio

#50. Ethiopia

Political empowerment index score: 0.223

Women in parliament: 38.8% (Rank: #17; Female/male ratio: 0.63)

Women in ministerial positions: 10% (Rank: #109; Female/male ratio: 0.11)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #115 (Score: 0.656)

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premier.gov.pl

#49. Poland

Political empowerment index score: 0.23

Women in parliament: 28% (Rank: #47; Female/male ratio: 0.39)

Women in ministerial positions: 22.7% (Rank: #53; Female/male ratio: 0.29)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 3.8 (Rank: #31; Female/male ratio: 0.08)

Overall gender gap rank: #39 (Score: 0.728)

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JJ Harrison // Wikicommons

#48. Australia

Political empowerment index score: 0.232

Women in parliament: 28.7% (Rank: #45; Female/male ratio: 0.4)

Women in ministerial positions: 24.1% (Rank: #43; Female/male ratio: 0.32)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 3 (Rank: #35; Female/male ratio: 0.06)

Overall gender gap rank: #35 (Score: 0.731)

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Yochi Rappaport // Wikicommons

#47. Israel

Political empowerment index score: 0.232

Women in parliament: 27.5% (Rank: #51; Female/male ratio: 0.38)

Women in ministerial positions: 19% (Rank: #73; Female/male ratio: 0.24)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 5.7 (Rank: #22; Female/male ratio: 0.13)

Overall gender gap rank: #44 (Score: 0.721)

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Italian G7 Presidency 2017 // Wikicommons

#46. Italy

Political empowerment index score: 0.234

Women in parliament: 31% (Rank: #41; Female/male ratio: 0.45)

Women in ministerial positions: 27.8% (Rank: #29; Female/male ratio: 0.38)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #82 (Score: 0.692)

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Sean Hurt // Department of Defense .gov

#45. Liberia

Political empowerment index score: 0.236

Women in parliament: 12.3% (Rank: #115; Female/male ratio: 0.14)

Women in ministerial positions: 15.8% (Rank: #88; Female/male ratio: 0.19)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 12.4 (Rank: #9; Female/male ratio: 0.33)

Overall gender gap rank: #107 (Score: 0.669)

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USAID Africa Bureau // Wikicommons

#44. Tanzania

Political empowerment index score: 0.239

Women in parliament: 36.4% (Rank: #24; Female/male ratio: 0.57)

Women in ministerial positions: 20% (Rank: #68; Female/male ratio: 0.25)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #68 (Score: 0.7)

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Andrés Monroy-Hernández // Wikicommons

#43. Portugal

Political empowerment index score: 0.24

Women in parliament: 34.8% (Rank: #28; Female/male ratio: 0.53)

Women in ministerial positions: 22.2% (Rank: #56; Female/male ratio: 0.29)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0.4 (Rank: #58; Female/male ratio: 0.01)

Overall gender gap rank: #33 (Score: 0.734)

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Jim Mattis // Wikicommons

#42. Lithuania

Political empowerment index score: 0.241

Women in parliament: 21.3% (Rank: #73; Female/male ratio: 0.27)

Women in ministerial positions: 21.4% (Rank: #63; Female/male ratio: 0.27)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 8.4 (Rank: #16; Female/male ratio: 0.2)

Overall gender gap rank: #28 (Score: 0.742)

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Andrijko Z // Wikiocommons

#41. Latvia

Political empowerment index score: 0.246

Women in parliament: 16% (Rank: #101; Female/male ratio: 0.19)

Women in ministerial positions: 23.1% (Rank: #49; Female/male ratio: 0.3)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 39.9 (Rank: #14; Female/male ratio: 0.25)

Overall gender gap rank: #20 (Score: 0.756)

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Amanda Lucidon // Wikicommons

#40. Burundi

Political empowerment index score: 0.255

Women in parliament: 36.4% (Rank: #25; Female/male ratio: 0.57)

Women in ministerial positions: 22.7% (Rank: #53; Female/male ratio: 0.29)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0.6 (Rank: #56; Female/male ratio: 0.01)

Overall gender gap rank: #22 (Score: 0.755)

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Government ZA // Flickr

#39. Angola

Political empowerment index score: 0.262

Women in parliament: 38.2% (Rank: #18; Female/male ratio: 0.62)

Women in ministerial positions: 22.2% (Rank: #56; Female/male ratio: 0.29)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #123 (Score: 0.64)

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President.gov.ua // Wikicommons

#38. Serbia

Political empowerment index score: 0.262

Women in parliament: 34.4% (Rank: #30; Female/male ratio: 0.52)

Women in ministerial positions: 26.3% (Rank: #35; Female/male ratio: 0.36)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 1.3 (Rank: #49; Female/male ratio: 0.03)

Overall gender gap rank: #40 (Score: 0.727)

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US Department of State // Wikicommons

#37. Belgium

Political empowerment index score: 0.264

Women in parliament: 38% (Rank: #19; Female/male ratio: 0.61)

Women in ministerial positions: 23.1% (Rank: #49; Female/male ratio: 0.3)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #31 (Score: 0.739)

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Government of Chile // Wikicommons

#36. Chile

Political empowerment index score: 0.266

Women in parliament: 15.8% (Rank: #104; Female/male ratio: 0.19)

Women in ministerial positions: 34.8% (Rank: #21; Female/male ratio: 0.53)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 7.3 (Rank: #18; Female/male ratio: 0.17)

Overall gender gap rank: #63 (Score: 0.704)

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Congress of local and regional authorities // Flickr

#35. Bosnia and Herzegovina

Political empowerment index score: 0.275

Women in parliament: 0.279% (Rank: #72; Female/male ratio: 0.27)

Women in ministerial positions: 22.2% (Rank: #56; Female/male ratio: 0.29)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 10.7 (Rank: #13; Female/male ratio: 0.27)

Overall gender gap rank: #66 (Score: 0.702)

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US Department of State // Flickr

#34. Mexico

Political empowerment index score: 0.276

Women in parliament: 42.6% (Rank: #7; Female/male ratio: 0.74)

Women in ministerial positions: 15.8% (Rank: #88; Female/male ratio: 0.19)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #81 (Score: 0.692)

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US Department of State // Flickr

#33. Peru

Political empowerment index score: 0.277

Women in parliament: 27.7% (Rank: #49; Female/male ratio: 0.38)

Women in ministerial positions: 36.8% (Rank: #17; Female/male ratio: 0.58)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 1.5 (Rank: #47; Female/male ratio: 0.03)

Overall gender gap rank: #48 (Score: 0.719)

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National Assembly of Ecuador // Wikicommons

#32. Ecuador

Political empowerment index score: 0.283

Women in parliament: 38% (Rank: #20; Female/male ratio: 0.61)

Women in ministerial positions: 27.5% (Rank: #30; Female/male ratio: 0.38)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #42 (Score: 0.724)

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Υπουργείο Εξωτερικών // Wikicommons

#31. Albania

Political empowerment index score: 0.284

Women in parliament: 27.9% (Rank: #48; Female/male ratio: 0.39)

Women in ministerial positions: 40% (Rank: #10; Female/male ratio: 0.67)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #38 (Score: 0.728)

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World Travel and Tourism Council // Wikicommons

#30. Uganda

Political empowerment index score: 0.305

Women in parliament: 34.3% (Rank: #31; Female/male ratio: 0.52)

Women in ministerial positions: 36.7% (Rank: #18; Female/male ratio: 0.58)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #45 (Score: 0.721)

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Pete Sousza // White House Archives

#29. Senegal

Political empowerment index score: 0.308

Women in parliament: 41.8% (Rank: #9; Female/male ratio: 0.72)

Women in ministerial positions: 20% (Rank: #68; Female/male ratio: 0.25)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 2.5 (Rank: #39; Female/male ratio: 0.05)

Overall gender gap rank: #91 (Score: 0.684)

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Noel Reynolds // Flickr

#28. Switzerland

Political empowerment index score: 0.314

Women in parliament: 32.5% (Rank: #35; Female/male ratio: 0.48)

Women in ministerial positions: 28.6% (Rank: #27; Female/male ratio: 0.4)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 6.5 (Rank: #20; Female/male ratio: 0.15)

Overall gender gap rank: #21 (Score: 0.755)

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Control Arms // Flickr

#27. Costa Rica

Political empowerment index score: 0.314

Women in parliament: 35.1% (Rank: #27; Female/male ratio: 0.54)

Women in ministerial positions: 30.4% (Rank: #25; Female/male ratio: 0.44)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 4 (Rank: #30; Female/male ratio: 0.09)

Overall gender gap rank: #41 (Score: 0.727)

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US Deparment of State // Flickr

#26. Namibia

Political empowerment index score: 0.318

Women in parliament: 41.3% (Rank: #11; Female/male ratio: 0.7)

Women in ministerial positions: 24% (Rank: #44; Female/male ratio: 0.32)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 2.3 (Rank: #41; Female/male ratio: 0.05)

Overall gender gap rank: #13 (Score: 0.777)

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Partij van de Arbeid // Wikicommons

#25. Netherlands

Political empowerment index score: 0.323

Women in parliament: 36% (Rank: #26; Female/male ratio: 0.56)

Women in ministerial positions: 37.5% (Rank: #15; Female/male ratio: 0.6)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #32 (Score: 0.737)

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Goverment ZA // Flickr

#24. Mozambique

Political empowerment index score: 0.34

Women in parliament: 39.6% (Rank: #13; Female/male ratio: 0.66)

Women in ministerial positions: 23.8% (Rank: #46; Female/male ratio: 0.31)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 5.9 (Rank: #21; Female/male ratio: 0.13)

Overall gender gap rank: #29 (Score: 0.741)

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Bulgarian Presidency Photostream // Flickr

#23. Bulgaria

Political empowerment index score: 0.346

Women in parliament: 23.8% (Rank: #63; Female/male ratio: 0.31)

Women in ministerial positions: 52.9% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1.13)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0.3 (Rank: #61; Female/male ratio: 0.01)

Overall gender gap rank: #18 (Score: 0.756)

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Carlotta Silvestrini // Pixabay

#22. Spain

Political empowerment index score: 0.354

Women in parliament: 39.1% (Rank: #14; Female/male ratio: 0.64)

Women in ministerial positions: 38.5% (Rank: #13; Female/male ratio: 0.63)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #24 (Score: 0.746)

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Casa Rosada // Wikicommons

#21. Argentina

Political empowerment index score: 0.356

Women in parliament: 38.9% (Rank: #16; Female/male ratio: 0.64)

Women in ministerial positions: 17.4% (Rank: #81; Female/male ratio: 0.21)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 9.7 (Rank: #15; Female/male ratio: 0.24)

Overall gender gap rank: #34 (Score: 0.732)

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Joshua Dewberry // jba.mil

#20. Canada

Political empowerment index score: 0.361

Women in parliament: 26.3% (Rank: #56; Female/male ratio: 0.36)

Women in ministerial positions: 51.7% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1.07)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0.4 (Rank: #59; Female/male ratio: 0.01)

Overall gender gap rank: #16 (Score: 0.769)

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Marco Zanferrari // Wikicommons

#19. Cuba

Political empowerment index score: 0.382

Women in parliament: 48.9% (Rank: #3; Female/male ratio: 0.96)

Women in ministerial positions: 25.9% (Rank: #37; Female/male ratio: 0.35)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #25 (Score: 0.745)

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Government ZA // Flickr

#18. South Africa

Political empowerment index score: 0.399

Women in parliament: 41.8% (Rank: #10; Female/male ratio: 0.72)

Women in ministerial positions: 41.7% (Rank: #9; Female/male ratio: 0.71)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #68; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #19 (Score: 0.756)

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Rwenland // Wikicommons

#17. United Kingdom

Political empowerment index score: 0.404

Women in parliament: 32% (Rank: #38; Female/male ratio: 0.47)

Women in ministerial positions: 30.8% (Rank: #23; Female/male ratio: 0.44)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 12.5 (Rank: #8; Female/male ratio: 0.33)

Overall gender gap rank: #15 (Score: 0.77)

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Friends of Europe // Wikicommons

#16. Denmark

Political empowerment index score: 0.406

Women in parliament: 37.4% (Rank: #21; Female/male ratio: 0.6)

Women in ministerial positions: 42.9% (Rank: #8; Female/male ratio: 0.75)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 3.7 (Rank: #32; Female/male ratio: 0.08)

Overall gender gap rank: #14 (Score: 0.776)

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Pulakit Singh // Wikicommons

#15. India

Political empowerment index score: 0.407

Women in parliament: 11.8% (Rank: #118; Female/male ratio: 0.13)

Women in ministerial positions: 18.5% (Rank: #76; Female/male ratio: 0.23)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 20.5 (Rank: #3; Female/male ratio: 0.7)

Overall gender gap rank: #108 (Score: 0.669)

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Rodrigo Acha // Wikicommons

#14. Bolivia

Political empowerment index score: 0.408

Women in parliament: 53.1% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1.13)

Women in ministerial positions: 27.3% (Rank: #31; Female/male ratio: 0.38)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0.7 (Rank: #55; Female/male ratio: 0.01)

Overall gender gap rank: #17 (Score: 0.758)

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Robinson Ninal // Wikicommons

#13. Philippines

Political empowerment index score: 0.416

Women in parliament: 29.5% (Rank: #44; Female/male ratio: 0.42)

Women in ministerial positions: 25% (Rank: #39; Female/male ratio: 0.33)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 15.8 (Rank: #5; Female/male ratio: 0.46)

Overall gender gap rank: #10 (Score: 0.79)

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Governor-General of New Zealand // Wikicommons

#12. New Zealand

Political empowerment index score: 0.43

Women in parliament: 34.2% (Rank: #32; Female/male ratio: 0.52)

Women in ministerial positions: 37% (Rank: #16; Female/male ratio: 0.59)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 11 (Rank: #12; Female/male ratio: 0.28)

Overall gender gap rank: #9 (Score: 0.791)

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Tamino Petelinsek // Wikicommons

#11. Slovenia

Political empowerment index score: 0.44

Women in parliament: 36.7% (Rank: #23; Female/male ratio: 0.58)

Women in ministerial positions: 50% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 1.5 (Rank: #48; Female/male ratio: 0.03)

Overall gender gap rank: #7 (Score: 0.805)

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MArc Muller // Wikicommons

#10. Germany

Political empowerment index score: 0.447

Women in parliament: 37% (Rank: #22; Female/male ratio: 0.59)

Women in ministerial positions: 33.3% (Rank: #22; Female/male ratio: 0.5)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 12.1 (Rank: #10; Female/male ratio: 0.32)

Overall gender gap rank: #12 (Score: 0.778)

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David Monniaux // Wikicommons

#9. France

Political empowerment index score: 0.453

Women in parliament: 39% (Rank: #15; Female/male ratio: 0.64)

Women in ministerial positions: 52.9% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1.13)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0.9 (Rank: #52; Female/male ratio: 0.02)

Overall gender gap rank: #11 (Score: 0.778)

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Johann Schiff // Wikicommons

#8. Sweden

Political empowerment index score: 0.486

Women in parliament: 43.6% (Rank: #6; Female/male ratio: 0.77)

Women in ministerial positions: 52.2% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1.09)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0 (Rank: #69; Female/male ratio: 0)

Overall gender gap rank: #5 (Score: 0.816)

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US Department of State // Flickr

#7. Bangladesh

Political empowerment index score: 0.493

Women in parliament: 20.3% (Rank: #78; Female/male ratio: 0.25)

Women in ministerial positions: 6.3% (Rank: #122; Female/male ratio: 0.07)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 26.4 (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 0.9)

Overall gender gap rank: #47 (Score: 0.719)

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Dept. of Children and Youth Affairs // Wikicommons

#6. Ireland

Political empowerment index score: 0.493

Women in parliament: 22.2% (Rank: #70; Female/male ratio: 0.28)

Women in ministerial positions: 26.7% (Rank: #33; Female/male ratio: 0.36)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 20.8 (Rank: #2; Female/male ratio: 0.71)

Overall gender gap rank: #8 (Score: 0.794)

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Frankie Fouganthin // Wikicommons

#5. Finland

Political empowerment index score: 0.519

Women in parliament: 42% (Rank: #8; Female/male ratio: 0.72)

Women in ministerial positions: 38.5% (Rank: #13; Female/male ratio: 0.63)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 12 (Rank: #11; Female/male ratio: 0.32)

Overall gender gap rank: #3 (Score: 0.823)

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Erna Solberg // Facebook

#4. Norway

Political empowerment index score: 0.53

Women in parliament: 39.6% (Rank: #12; Female/male ratio: 0.66)

Women in ministerial positions: 38.9% (Rank: #12; Female/male ratio: 0.64)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 13.8 (Rank: #6; Female/male ratio: 0.38)

Overall gender gap rank: #2 (Score: 0.83)

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Rwandan Government // Flickr

#3. Rwanda

Political empowerment index score: 0.539

Women in parliament: 61.3% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1.58)

Women in ministerial positions: 47.4% (Rank: #7; Female/male ratio: 0.9)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 0.7 (Rank: #53; Female/male ratio: 0.01)

Overall gender gap rank: #4 (Score: 0.822)

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Mine Ban Convention // Flickr

#2. Nicaragua

Political empowerment index score: 0.576

Women in parliament: 45.7% (Rank: #5; Female/male ratio: 0.84)

Women in ministerial positions: 52.9% (Rank: #1; Female/male ratio: 1.13)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 6.7 (Rank: #19; Female/male ratio: 0.16)

Overall gender gap rank: #6 (Score: 0.814)

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Helgi Halldorson // Flickr

#1. Iceland

Political empowerment index score: 0.75

Women in parliament: 47.6% (Rank: #4; Female/male ratio: 0.91)

Women in ministerial positions: 40% (Rank: #10; Female/male ratio: 0.67)

Years with female head of state (of the last 50): 20.3 (Rank: #4; Female/male ratio: 0.68)

Overall gender gap rank: #1 (Score: 0.878)

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