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Places where people work the longest hours

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Andrey_Popov // Shutterstock

Places where people work the longest hours

The 40-hour workweek most Americans schedule their lives around came about after centuries of fighting by labor activists, unions, and everyday workers who wanted to divide their day into three equal parts: work, sleep, and leisure. By 1940, Congress amended the Fair Labor Standards Act making the eight-hour workday the legal standard in most industries.

That doesn't mean the 40-hour-workweek is a reality for all, or even most, U.S. workers. Since the 2000s, the average workweek in the country has slowly gotten longer, with Americans of prime working age clocking 7.8% more hours than they might have 40 years ago. Economists have offered a variety of explanations for this increase, ranging from the country's high level of income inequality, forcing people to work longer hours to make ends meet or get ahead, to 21st-century jobs just being more interesting and time-consuming. But longer hours don't necessarily translate to increased productivity; studies have shown that most people spend about three hours of their workday actually working.

Though companies like Amazon are experimenting with 30-hour workweeks, it seems most Americans will be spending more time at work. For some jobs, these long workdays already are the norm. To determine the cities where workers are clocking the most hours, Stacker used updated September 2018 data from the 2017 U.S. Census and American Community Survey. Only U.S. metro areas, defined as urban centers with a population greater than 50,000, were considered. Cities were then ranked by lowest to highest average hours worked.

Read on to see if your city is on the list and find out which North Carolina city's workers regularly put in 45-hour work weeks.

You might also like: Places where people work the shortest hours

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Pixabay

#50. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.7 (male: 42; female: 37.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.27% (male: 2.14%, female: 2.95%)
- Median yearly income: $65,381
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,206

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services; retail trade

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Pixabay

#42. Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 42.6; female: 36.7)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 3.52%, female: 1.36%)
- Median yearly income: $64,255
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,363

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services; retail trade

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Shreveport-Bossier Convention and Tourist Bureau // Wikimedia Commons

#42. Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 42.8; female: 36.9)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 3.97%, female: 1.9%)
- Median yearly income: $38,627
- Median monthly housing costs: $718

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Brandonrush // Wikimedia Commons

#42. Russellville, AR Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 41.7; female: 37.4)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 1.44%, female: 3.21%)
- Median yearly income: $44,839
- Median monthly housing costs: $628

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; manufacturing; retail trade

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Bobak Ha'Eri // Wikimedia Commons

#42. Minot, ND Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 42.5; female: 36.4)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 3.29%, female: 0.55%)
- Median yearly income: $63,310
- Median monthly housing costs: $852

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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CTtcg // Goodfreephotos

#42. Lake Charles, LA Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 42.9; female: 36.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 4.2%, female: 0.28%)
- Median yearly income: $52,314
- Median monthly housing costs: $690

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services; manufacturing

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Joe Mabel // Wikimedia Commons

#42. Hermiston-Pendleton, OR Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 42.1; female: 36.9)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 2.38%, female: 1.9%)
- Median yearly income: $51,705
- Median monthly housing costs: $936

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining

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logopop // Wikimedia Commons

#42. Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 41.9; female: 37.1)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 1.91%, female: 2.43%)
- Median yearly income: $59,619
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,058

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services

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LoneStarMike // Wikimedia Commons

#42. Austin-Round Rock, TX Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.8 (male: 42; female: 37.1)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.51% (male: 2.14%, female: 2.43%)
- Median yearly income: $73,800
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,467

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Fee Fi Foe Fum // Wikimedia Commons

#40. Sumter, SC Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.9 (male: 42.1; female: 37.6)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.76% (male: 2.38%, female: 3.72%)
- Median yearly income: $45,585
- Median monthly housing costs: $624

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; manufacturing; retail trade

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Phil Campbell // Wikimedia Commons

#40. Roswell, NM Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 39.9 (male: 42.2; female: 37.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 2.76% (male: 2.61%, female: 2.69%)
- Median yearly income: $44,899
- Median monthly housing costs: $539

Top industries: data not available

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Ken Lund // Flickr

#35. Yuma, AZ Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40 (male: 42.9; female: 36.1)
- Percent above national avg.: 3% (male: 4.2%, female: -0.28%)
- Median yearly income: $46,798
- Median monthly housing costs: $730

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Billy Hathorn // Wikimedia Commons

#35. Tyler, TX Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40 (male: 42.5; female: 37.5)
- Percent above national avg.: 3% (male: 3.29%, female: 3.47%)
- Median yearly income: $54,339
- Median monthly housing costs: $786

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Joe Mabel // Wikimedia Commons

#35. Moses Lake, WA Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40 (male: 42.9; female: 36.4)
- Percent above national avg.: 3% (male: 4.2%, female: 0.55%)
- Median yearly income: $58,644
- Median monthly housing costs: $972

Top industries: Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining; educational services, and health care and social assistance; manufacturing

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Onasill ~ Bill Badzo // Flickr

#35. Meridian, MS Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40 (male: 42.8; female: 37)
- Percent above national avg.: 3% (male: 3.97%, female: 2.16%)
- Median yearly income: $41,594
- Median monthly housing costs: $519

Top industries: data not available

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Zereshk // Wikimedia Commons

#35. Corpus Christi, TX Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40 (male: 42.3; female: 37.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 3% (male: 2.84%, female: 2.95%)
- Median yearly income: $52,193
- Median monthly housing costs: $821

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Parkerjh // Wikimedia Commons

#29. Twin Falls, ID Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.1 (male: 44.6; female: 34.9)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.24% (male: 7.85%, female: -3.72%)
- Median yearly income: $51,460
- Median monthly housing costs: $890

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; manufacturing; retail trade

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Rivers A. Langley // Wikimedia Commons

#29. Talladega-Sylacauga, AL Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.1 (male: 42.4; female: 37.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.24% (male: 3.07%, female: 2.95%)
- Median yearly income: $40,621
- Median monthly housing costs: $539

Top industries: data not available

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Billy Hathorn // Wikimedia Commons

#29. Lufkin, TX Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.1 (male: 43.7; female: 36.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.24% (male: 5.95%, female: 0%)
- Median yearly income: $45,326
- Median monthly housing costs: $689

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; manufacturing

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Alan Botting // Wikimedia Commons

#29. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.1 (male: 42.1; female: 37.6)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.24% (male: 2.38%, female: 3.72%)
- Median yearly income: $67,382
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,297

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services; retail trade

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Bobak Ha'Eri // Wikimedia Commons

#29. Bismarck, ND Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.1 (male: 43.1; female: 36.7)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.24% (male: 4.64%, female: 1.36%)
- Median yearly income: $66,087
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,009

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; public administration

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Tim Kiser // Wikimedia Commons

#29. Beckley, WV Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.1 (male: 42.3; female: 37.7)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.24% (male: 2.84%, female: 3.98%)
- Median yearly income: $42,493
- Median monthly housing costs: $497

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Brian Stansberry // Wikimedia Commons

#25. Tullahoma-Manchester, TN Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.2 (male: 43.7; female: 36)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.48% (male: 5.95%, female: -0.56%)
- Median yearly income: $48,256
- Median monthly housing costs: $660

Top industries: Manufacturing; educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade

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Mc361210 // Wikimedia Commons

#25. Lafayette, LA Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.2 (male: 44; female: 36.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.48% (male: 6.59%, female: 0.28%)
- Median yearly income: $47,848
- Median monthly housing costs: $714

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Henry Han // Wikimedia Commons

#25. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.2 (male: 42.4; female: 37.5)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.48% (male: 3.07%, female: 3.47%)
- Median yearly income: $63,802
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,213

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services; retail trade

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Smallbones // Wikimedia Commons

#25. Grand Island, NE Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.2 (male: 42.8; female: 37.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.48% (male: 3.97%, female: 2.69%)
- Median yearly income: $60,116
- Median monthly housing costs: $822

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance

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born1945 // Flickr

#24. Columbus, IN Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.3 (male: 42.5; female: 37.6)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.72% (male: 3.29%, female: 3.72%)
- Median yearly income: $61,533
- Median monthly housing costs: $835

Top industries: data not available

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Renelibrary // Wikimedia Commons

#22. Sherman-Denison, TX Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.4 (male: 42.6; female: 37.9)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.96% (male: 3.52%, female: 4.49%)
- Median yearly income: $56,718
- Median monthly housing costs: $714

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; manufacturing; retail trade

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Gerry Dincher // Wikimedia Commons

#22. Pinehurst-Southern Pines, NC Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.4 (male: 43.7; female: 36.9)
- Percent above national avg.: 3.96% (male: 5.95%, female: 1.9%)
- Median yearly income: $64,184
- Median monthly housing costs: $903

Top industries: data not available

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Ente75 // Wikimedia Commons

#19. Hammond, LA Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.5 (male: 42.8; female: 38.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.2% (male: 3.97%, female: 5.24%)
- Median yearly income: $44,861
- Median monthly housing costs: $692

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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jalexartis Photography // Flickr

#19. Fayetteville, NC Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.5 (male: 43.5; female: 37.1)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.2% (male: 5.52%, female: 2.43%)
- Median yearly income: $44,757
- Median monthly housing costs: $914

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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PghPhxNfk // Wikimedia Commons

#19. Columbus, GA-AL Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.5 (male: 43.3; female: 37.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.2% (male: 5.08%, female: 2.69%)
- Median yearly income: $43,051
- Median monthly housing costs: $865

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Cliff // Wikimedia Commons

#15. Cheyenne, WY Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.6 (male: 43.6; female: 37.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.43% (male: 5.73%, female: 2.69%)
- Median yearly income: $61,961
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,107

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; public administration

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Adbay // Wikimedia Commons

#15. Casper, WY Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.6 (male: 43.2; female: 37.6)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.43% (male: 4.86%, female: 3.72%)
- Median yearly income: $60,546
- Median monthly housing costs: $962

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services

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Billy Hathorn // Wikimedia Commons

#15. Athens, TX Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.6 (male: 42.6; female: 38.4)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.43% (male: 3.52%, female: 5.73%)
- Median yearly income: $44,971
- Median monthly housing costs: $633

Top industries: data not available

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Frank K. // Wikimedia Commons

#15. Anchorage, AK Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.6 (male: 43.6; female: 37.1)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.43% (male: 5.73%, female: 2.43%)
- Median yearly income: $76,871
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,606

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Billy Hathorn // Wikimedia Commons

#14. Killeen-Temple, TX Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.7 (male: 43.4; female: 37.6)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.67% (male: 5.3%, female: 3.72%)
- Median yearly income: $53,303
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,001

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; public administration

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Derek Jensen // Wikimedia Commons

#11. Warsaw, IN Micro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.8 (male: 43.9; female: 37)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.9% (male: 6.38%, female: 2.16%)
- Median yearly income: $63,463
- Median monthly housing costs: $795

Top industries: data not available

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Crimsonedge34 // Wikimedia Commons

#11. Lawton, OK Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.8 (male: 43.6; female: 37.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.9% (male: 5.73%, female: 2.69%)
- Median yearly income: $50,702
- Median monthly housing costs: $817

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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SaveRivers // Wikimedia Commons

#11. Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 40.8 (male: 43.6; female: 38)
- Percent above national avg.: 4.9% (male: 5.73%, female: 4.74%)
- Median yearly income: $46,763
- Median monthly housing costs: $624

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; manufacturing; retail trade

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Joe Mabel // Wikimedia Commons

#10. Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 41 (male: 44.7, female: 36)
- Percent above national avg.: 5.37% (male: 8.05%, female: -0.56%)
- Median yearly income: $73,026
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,406

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services; public administration

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Rja141 // Wikimedia Commons

#9. Watertown-Fort Drum, NY Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 41.1 (male: 44.6; female: 36.1)
- Percent above national avg.: 5.6% (male: 7.85%, female: -0.28%)
- Median yearly income: $47,101
- Median monthly housing costs: $794

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; public administration

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faungg's photos // Flickr

#7. Houma-Thibodaux, LA Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 41.3 (male: 45.2; female: 37)
- Percent above national avg.: 6.05% (male: 9.07%, female: 2.16%)
- Median yearly income: $47,069
- Median monthly housing costs: $566

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining

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Bob Jagendorf // Wikimedia Commons

#7. Clarksville, TN-KY Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 41.3 (male: 45.2; female: 36.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 6.05% (male: 9.07%, female: 0.28%)
- Median yearly income: $54,667
- Median monthly housing costs: $951

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; manufacturing

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25or6to4 // Wikimedia Commons

#6. San Angelo, TX Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 41.4 (male: 44.4; female: 38.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 6.28% (male: 7.43%, female: 5.24%)
- Median yearly income: $50,894
- Median monthly housing costs: $799

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; construction; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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Igor Filippov // Wikimedia Commons

#4. Fairbanks, AK Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 41.5 (male: 44.3; female: 37.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 6.51% (male: 7.22%, female: 2.95%)
- Median yearly income: $76,747
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,491

Top industries: data not available

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Billy Hathorn // Wikimedia Commons

#4. Midland, TX Metro Area (tie)

- Avg. hours worked per week: 42.5 (male: 46.2; female: 36.9)
- Percent above national avg.: 8.71% (male: 11.04%, female: 1.9%)
- Median yearly income: $75,266
- Median monthly housing costs: $1,111

Top industries: Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining; educational services, and health care and social assistance; professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services

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Billy Hathorn // Wikimedia Commons

#3. Odessa, TX Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 43.2 (male: 47.5; female: 37.2)
- Percent above national avg.: 10.19% (male: 13.47%, female: 2.69%)
- Median yearly income: $55,380
- Median monthly housing costs: $769

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining; retail trade

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wtoc11 // Flickr

#2. Hinesville, GA Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 43.3 (male: 45.7; female: 40.4)
- Percent above national avg.: 10.39% (male: 10.07%, female: 10.4%)
- Median yearly income: $49,364
- Median monthly housing costs: $784

Top industries: data not available

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Cpl. Joey Mendez // USMC

#1. Jacksonville, NC Metro Area

- Avg. hours worked per week: 44.4 (male: 48.7; female: 37.3)
- Percent above national avg.: 12.61% (male: 15.61%, female: 2.95%)
- Median yearly income: $49,883
- Median monthly housing costs: $992

Top industries: Educational services, and health care and social assistance; retail trade; arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services

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