What the DACA? A timeline
The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, enacted by former President Barack Obama, represents a significant stage of evolution within the United States' immigration policy. The undocumented immigrants served by the program embody the ideals that America built itself upon: Those who came here for a better life, free from persecution. These ideals, however, have not protected these individuals from the growing pains of American democracy.
Through in-depth research, Stacker developed a timeline of events that have shaped the enduring debate of where DACA—and the DREAM Act preceding it—fit within the legal definition of "American." Bipartisanship will prove to be the driving mechanism for moving beyond debates about the merits of amnesty, the necessity of deportation for certain populations and the lengths America intends to go in order to secure its borders.
President Ronald Reagan signs the Immigration Control and Reform Act (IRCA)
Date: November 6, 1986
The IRCA provides amnesty and legal permanent residence to the nearly 2.7 million undocumented people who entered the United States before 1982. The bill is an effort to eliminate the illegal immigration spurred by the Bracero Program and aims to penalize employers that knowingly hire undocumented workers.
Senators Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and Orrin Hatch (R-UT) co-sponsor legislation called the Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act (DREAM)
Date: August 1, 2001
By the turn of the century, the United States holds roughly 11 million undocumented people within its borders. The Dream Act focuses on undocumented children in the country, and aims to provide them with a path to citizenship. The proposal is the first of many failed attempts to establish immigration reform.
President Barack Obama announces the DACA memorandum
Date: June 15, 2012
After a decade of unsuccessful attempts by Congress to pass the DREAM Act, President Obama establishes the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program (DACA). The program targets about 800,000 young adults and grants Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano prosecutorial discretion. The measure pressures Congress to pass bipartisan immigration reform, though critics view Obama’s efforts as an unconstitutional abuse of executive power.
“Gang of Eight” Senators introduce a broad sweeping immigration bill
The “Gang of Eight” Bill passes in the Senate
The “Gang of Eight” Bill dies in the House of Representatives
President Obama announces the DAPA Program
Date: November 20, 2014
The Deferred Action for Unauthorized Immigrant Parents (DAPA) program authorizes the ability to work and removes the risk of deportation for the 3.6 million undocumented parents of young U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents. The combined expansion of DACA extends policy reform to affect five million people. Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson officially issues the memorandum.
A Federal District Court in Texas files an injunction against the Obama Administration
Date: February 16, 2015
The November 2014 memorandum ties up in the courts due to 25 state attorneys general, led by Texas, who sue the executive branch for exercising power beyond its jurisdiction. DAPA and the expanded DACA policies come to a halt, as immigration policy reform continues to be a politically driven issue.
Trump issues 10-point immigration plan
Date: August 31, 2016
Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump places immigration policy at the forefront of his campaign. Trump's immigration plan suggests the elimination of the Obama administration’s DACA and DAPA memorandums.
Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach joins President Trump’s immigration transition team
Date: November 10, 2016
Known for his tough stance on immigration practices, Kris Kobach’s appointment as immigration advisor sets the tone for the Trump’s administration's immigration policy reform.2018 All rights reserved.