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50 smallest countries in the world

  • 50 smallest countries in the world
    1/ Andorra—Public Domain

    50 smallest countries in the world

    Continual coverage by news outlets on widespread geopolitical tension among global economic superpowers—such as talks of potential collusion between the Trump administration and Russia, as well as the constant back-and-forth on trade sanctions between the United States and China—does not leave much room for status updates on the world’s smallest nations.

    Even the least-geographically savvy individuals are likely aware of the world’s largest countries by now, but what about Earth’s tiniest countries? The world’s 50 smallest nations add up to a cumulative population of 27,074,994; for context, that number is more than a million fewer people than there are in Texas—not even the largest state in America.

    To provide insight into these small, lesser-known populations, Stacker referenced data from the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook, listing the 50 smallest nations on Earth by total population. Each nation is named, along with a handful of relevant population statistics and a description of the population distribution, which is taken directly from the World Factbook.

    Read on to discover how many of the world’s smallest nations you never knew existed.

    RELATED: Biggest countries in the world

  • #50. Kosovo
    2/ Pixabay

    #50. Kosovo

    Population: 1,895,250

    Population growth rate: N/A

    Urban population: N/A

    Population below poverty line: 30%

    GDP per capita: $3,526.71

    Population distribution: population clusters exist throughout the country, the largest being in the east in and around the capital of Pristina

  • #49. Guinea-Bissau
    3/ Albert Herring // Wikicommons

    #49. Guinea-Bissau

    Population: 1,792,338

    Population growth rate: 1.86%

    Urban population: 43.4% of total population (3.41% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 67%

    GDP per capita: $722.52

    Population distribution: approximately one-fifth of the population lives in the capital city of Bissau along the Atlantic coast; the remainder is distributed among the eight other, mainly rural regions

  • #48. Gabon
    4/ NASA

    #48. Gabon

    Population: 1,772,255

    Population growth rate: 1.92%

    Urban population: 89.4% of total population (2.61% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 34.3%

    GDP per capita: $8,164.74

    Population distribution: the relatively small population is spread in pockets throughout the country; the largest urban center is the capital of Libreville, located along the Atlantic coast in the northwest

  • #47. eSwatini (formerly Swaziland)
    5/ Antonio Olmedo // Wikicommons

    #47. eSwatini (formerly Swaziland)

    Population: 1,467,152

    Population growth rate: 1.08%

    Urban population: 23.8% of total population (2.46% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 63%

    GDP per capita: $2,746.82

    Population distribution: because of its mountainous terrain, the population distribution is uneven throughout the country, concentrating primarily in valleys and plains

  • #46. Bahrain
    6/ Wadiia // Wikicommons

    #46. Bahrain

    Population: 1,410,942

    Population growth rate: 2.26%

    Urban population: 89.3% of total population (4.38% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $24,005.24

    Population distribution: smallest population of the Gulf States, but urbanization rate exceeds 90%; largest settlement concentration is found on the far northern end of the island in and around Manama and Al Muharraq

  • #45. Mauritius
    7/ Tejcoomar Luchmun // Wikicommons

    #45. Mauritius

    Population: 1,356,388

    Population growth rate: 0.59%

    Urban population: 40.8% of total population (0.11% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 8%

    GDP per capita: $9,046.08

    Population distribution: population density is one of the highest in the world; urban cluster are found throught the main island, with a greater density in and around Port Louis; population on Rodrigues Island is spread across the island with a slightly denser cluster on the north coast

  • #44. Timor-Leste
    8/ Graham Crumb // Flickr

    #44. Timor-Leste

    Population: 1,291,358

    Population growth rate: 2.36%

    Urban population: 30.6% of total population (3.35% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 41.8%

    GDP per capita: $2,103.21

    Population distribution: most of the population concentrated in the western third of the country, particularly around Dili

  • #43. Estonia
    9/ Pixabay

    #43. Estonia

    Population: 1,251,581

    Population growth rate: -0.57%

    Urban population: 68.9% of total population (0.01% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 21.3%

    GDP per capita: $20,518.05

    Population distribution: a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations

  • #42. Cyprus
    10/ GoodFreePhotos

    #42. Cyprus

    Population: 1,221,549

    Population growth rate: 1.32%

    Urban population: 66.8% of total population (0.75% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $17,281.34

    Population distribution: population concentrated in central Nicosia and in the major cities of the south: Paphos, Limassol, and Larnaca

  • #41. Trinidad and Tobago
    11/ Kalamazadkhan // Wikicommons

    #41. Trinidad and Tobago

    Population: 1,218,208

    Population growth rate: -0.2%

    Urban population: 53.2% of total population (0.22% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 20%

    GDP per capita: $16,663.82

    Population distribution: population on Trinidad is concentrated in the western half of the island, on Tobago in the southern half

  • #40. Fiji
    12/ Heinz Albers // Wikicommons

    #40. Fiji

    Population: 920,938

    Population growth rate: 0.6%

    Urban population: 56.2% of total population (1.62% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 31%

    GDP per capita: $5,487.88

    Population distribution: approximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas

  • #39. Djibouti
    13/ Fishercd // Wikicommons

    #39. Djibouti

    Population: 865,267

    Population growth rate: 2.16%

    Urban population: 77.8% of total population (1.67% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 23%

    GDP per capita: $2,406.19

    Population distribution: most densely populated areas are in the east; the largest city is Djibouti, with a population over 600,000; no other city in the country has a total population over 50,000

  • #38. Comoros
    14/ Harayamouji // Wikicommons

    #38. Comoros

    Population: 808,080

    Population growth rate: 1.64%

    Urban population: 29% of total population (2.87% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 44.8%

    GDP per capita: $815,513.32

    Population distribution: the capital city of Moroni, located on the western side of the island of Grande Comore, is the country's largest city; however, of the three islands that comprise Comoros, it is Anjouan that is the most densely populated

  • #37. Equatorial Guinea
    15/ Embassy of Equatorial Guinea // Flickr

    #37. Equatorial Guinea

    Population: 778,358

    Population growth rate: 2.44%

    Urban population: 72.1% of total population (4.28% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 44%

    GDP per capita: $12,937.49

    Population distribution: only two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands

  • #36. Bhutan
    16/ Jean-Marie Hullot // Wikicommons

    #36. Bhutan

    Population: 758,288

    Population growth rate: 1.07%

    Urban population: 40.9% of total population (2.98% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 13.3%

    GDP per capita: $3,060.84

    Population distribution: N/A

  • #35. Guyana
    17/ amanderson2 // Wikicommons

    #35. Guyana

    Population: 737,718

    Population growth rate: 0.32%

    Urban population: 26.6% of total population (0.83% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 35%

    GDP per capita: $4,867.71

    Population distribution: population is heavily concentrated in the northeast in and around Georgetown, with notable concentrations along the Berbice River to the east; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

  • #34. Solomon Islands
    18/ ravilacoya // Flickr

    #34. Solomon Islands

    Population: 647,581

    Population growth rate: 1.94%

    Urban population: 23.7% of total population (3.91% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $1,965.78

    Population distribution: most of the population lives along the coastal regions; about one in five live in urban areas, and of these some two-thirds reside in Honiara, the largest town and chief port

  • #33. Montenegro
    19/ Островский Александр, Киев // Wikicommons

    #33. Montenegro

    Population: 642,550

    Population growth rate: -0.28%

    Urban population: 66.8% of total population (0.54% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 8.6%

    GDP per capita: $6,855.50

    Population distribution: highest population density is concentrated in the south, southwest; the extreme eastern border is the least populated area

  • #32. Luxembourg
    20/ Cayambe // Wikicommons

    #32. Luxembourg

    Population: 594,130

    Population growth rate: 1.98%

    Urban population: 91% of total population (1.55% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $106,912.63

    Population distribution: most people live in the south, on or near the border with France

  • #31. Suriname
    21/ Max Pixel

    #31. Suriname

    Population: 591,919

    Population growth rate: 1.02%

    Urban population: 66.1% of total population (0.9% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 70%

    GDP per capita: $6,191.73

    Population distribution: population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

  • #30. Cabo Verde
    22/ Manuel de Sousa // Wikicommons

    #30. Cabo Verde

    Population: 560,899

    Population growth rate: 1.33%

    Urban population: 65.7% of total population (1.97% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 30%

    GDP per capita: $3,080.77

    Population distribution: among the nine inhabited islands, population distribution is variable; islands in the east are very dry and are only sparsely settled to exploit their extensive salt deposits; the more southerly islands receive more precipitation and support larger populations, but agriculture and livestock grazing have damaged the soil fertility and vegetation; approximately half of the population lives on Sao Tiago Island, which is the location of the capital of Praia; Mindelo, on the northern island of Sao Vicente, also has a large urban population

  • #29. Brunei
    23/ Bernard Spragg. NZ // Wikicommons

    #29. Brunei

    Population: 443,593

    Population growth rate: 1.57%

    Urban population: 77.6% of total population (1.66% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $26,961.65

    Population distribution: N/A

  • #28. Malta
    24/ Public Domain

    #28. Malta

    Population: 416,338

    Population growth rate: 0.26%

    Urban population: 94.6% of total population (0.38% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 16.3%

    GDP per capita: $28,846.75

    Population distribution: most of the population lives on the eastern half of Malta, the largest of the three inhabited islands

  • #27. Maldives
    25/ Gzzz // Wikicommons

    #27. Maldives

    Population: 392,709

    Population growth rate: -0.06%

    Urban population: 39.8% of total population (2.93% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 16%

    GDP per capita: $11,509.79

    Population distribution: about a third of the population lives in the centrally located capital city of Male and almost a 10th in southern Addu City; the remainder of the populace is spread over the 200 or so populated islands of the archipelago

  • #26. Belize
    26/ Dronepicr // Wikicommons

    #26. Belize

    Population: 360,346

    Population growth rate: 1.8%

    Urban population: 45.7% of total population (2.32% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 41%

    GDP per capita: $5,047.93

    Population distribution: approximately 25–30% of the population lives in the former capital, Belize City; over half of the overall population is rural; population density is slightly higher in the north and east

  • #25. Iceland
    27/ Mark Fischer // Wikicommons

    #25. Iceland

    Population: 339,747

    Population growth rate: 1.13%

    Urban population: 93.8% of total population (0.81% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $73,142.66

    Population distribution: Iceland is almost entirely urban with half of the population located in and around the capital of Reykjavik; smaller clusters are primarily found along the coast in the north and west

  • #24. The Bahamas
    28/ Vanessa Vancour // Flickr

    #24. The Bahamas

    Population: 329,988

    Population growth rate: 0.81%

    Urban population: 83% of total population (1.13% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 9.3%

    GDP per capita: $27,658.58

    Population distribution: most of the population lives in urban areas, with two-thirds living on New Providence Island where Nassau is located

  • #23. Barbados
    29/ Sandman5 // Flickr

    #23. Barbados

    Population: 292,336

    Population growth rate: 0.28%

    Urban population: 31.1% of total population (0.2% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $16,491.30

    Population distribution: most densely populated country in the eastern Caribbean; approximately one-third live in urban areas

  • #22. Vanuatu
    30/ Phillip Capper // Wikicommons

    #22. Vanuatu

    Population: 282,814

    Population growth rate: 1.85%

    Urban population: 25.3% of total population (2.55% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $2,959,542.31

    Population distribution: three-quarters of the population lives in rural areas; the urban populace lives primarily in two cities, Port-Vila and Luganville; three largest islands—Espiritu Santo, Malakula, and Efate—accommodate over half of the populace

  • #21. Sao Tome and Principe
    31/ David Stanley // Wikicommons

    #21. Sao Tome and Principe

    Population: 201,025

    Population growth rate: 1.72%

    Urban population: 72.8% of total population (3.33% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 66.2%

    GDP per capita: $1,850,516.10

    Population distribution: Sao Tome, the capital city, has roughly a quarter of the nation's population; Santo Antonio is the largest town on Principe; the northern areas of both islands have the highest population densities

  • #20. Samoa
    32/ Public Domain

    #20. Samoa

    Population: 200,108

    Population growth rate: 0.6%

    Urban population: 18.2% of total population (-0.47% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $4,217,722.43

    Population distribution: about three-quarters of the population lives on the island of Upolu

  • #19. Saint Lucia
    33/ XeresNelro // Wikicommons

    #19. Saint Lucia

    Population: 164,994

    Population growth rate: 0.32%

    Urban population: 18.7% of total population (0.8% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $10,406.44

    Population distribution: most of the population is found on the periphery of the island, with a larger concentration in the north around the capital of Castries

  • #18. Grenada
    34/ Pixabay

    #18. Grenada

    Population: 111,724

    Population growth rate: 0.44%

    Urban population: 36.3% of total population (0.76% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 38%

    GDP per capita: $9,944.15

    Population distribution: approximately one-third of the population is found in the capital of St. George's; the island's population is concentrated along the coast

  • #17. Kiribati
    35/ Erin Magee/DFAT // Wikicommons

    #17. Kiribati

    Population: 108,145

    Population growth rate: 1.13%

    Urban population: 54.1% of total population (3.19% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $1,719,913.08

    Population distribution: consists of three achipelagos spread out over an area roughly the size of India; the eastern Line Islands and central Phoenix Islands are sparsely populated, but the western Gilbert Islands are some of the most densely settled places on earth, with the main island of South Tarawa boasting a population density similar to Tokyo or Hong Kong

  • #16. Tonga
    36/ David Broad // Wikicommons

    #16. Tonga

    Population: 106,479

    Population growth rate: -0.05%

    Urban population: 23.1% of total population (0.71% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 24%

    GDP per capita: $4,104,095.64

    Population distribution: over two-thirds of the population lives on the island of Tongatapu; only 45 of the nation's 171 islands are occupied

  • #15. Federated States of Micronesia
    37/ Department of Foreign Affairs // Flickr

    #15. Federated States of Micronesia

    Population: 104,196

    Population growth rate: -0.52%

    Urban population: 22.7% of total population (1.05% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 26.7%

    GDP per capita: $3,157,510.84

    Population distribution: the majority of the populaton lives in the coastal areas of the high islands; the mountainous interior is largely uninhabited; less than half of the population lives in urban areas

  • #14. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    38/ David Broad // Wikicommons

    #14. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    Population: 102,089

    Population growth rate: -0.25%

    Urban population: 52.2% of total population (1.03% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $7,983,230.32

    Population distribution: most of the population is concentrated in and around the capital of Kingstown

  • #13. Seychelles
    39/ dronepicr // Flickr

    #13. Seychelles

    Population: 93,920

    Population growth rate: 0.77%

    Urban population: 56.7% of total population (1.26% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 39.3%

    GDP per capita: $15,747.44

    Population distribution: more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands

  • #12. Andorra
    40/ Public Domain

    #12. Andorra

    Population: 85,702

    Population growth rate: 0.03%

    Urban population: 88.1% of total population (-0.31% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $31,644.54

    Population distribution: population is unevenly distributed and is concentrated in the seven urbanized valleys that make up the country's parishes (political administrative divisions)

  • #11. Marshall Islands
    41/ Hendrik Scholz // Wikicommons

    #11. Marshall Islands

    Population: 74,539

    Population growth rate: 1.55%

    Urban population: 77% of total population (0.61% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: no data

    GDP per capita: $2,669,743.36

    Population distribution: most people live in urban clusters found on many of the country's islands; more than two-thirds of the population lives on the atolls of Majuro and Ebeye

  • #10. Dominica
    42/ Konstantin Krismer // Wikicommons

    #10. Dominica

    Population: 73,897

    Population growth rate: 0.18%

    Urban population: 70.5% of total population (0.94% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 29%

    GDP per capita: $8,227,668.24

    Population distribution: population is mosly clustered along the coast, with roughly a third living in the parish of St. George, in or around the capital of Roseau; the volcanic interior is sparsely populated

  • #9. Saint Kitts and Nevis
    43/ Nesnad // Wikicommons

    #9. Saint Kitts and Nevis

    Population: 52,715

    Population growth rate: 0.73%

    Urban population: 30.8% of total population (0.92% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $17,812,766.76

    Population distribution: population clusters are found in the small towns located on the periphery of both islands

  • #8. Liechtenstein
    44/ George McCord // Flickr

    #8. Liechtenstein

    Population: 38,244

    Population growth rate: 0.8%

    Urban population: 14.3% of total population (0.81% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $174,458.74

    Population distribution: most of the population is found in the western half of the country along the Rhine River

  • #7. San Marino
    45/ Max_Ryazanov // Wikicommons

    #7. San Marino

    Population: 33,537

    Population growth rate: 0.74%

    Urban population: 97.2% of total population (0.67% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $48,692.49

    Population distribution: N/A

  • #6. Monaco
    46/ Tobi 87 // Wikicommons

    #6. Monaco

    Population: 30,645

    Population growth rate: 0.24%

    Urban population: 100% of total population (0.51% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $195,986.29

    Population distribution: the most densely populated country in the world; its entire population living on 2 square kilometers

  • #5. Palau
    47/ LuxTonnerre // Wikicommons

    #5. Palau

    Population: 21,431

    Population growth rate: 0.39%

    Urban population: 79.9% of total population (1.77% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $14,978,302.46

    Population distribution: most of the population is located on the southern end of the main island of Babelthuap (also known as Babeldaob)

  • #4. Tuvalu
    48/ INABA Tomoaki // Wikicommons

    #4. Tuvalu

    Population: 11,052

    Population growth rate: 0.85%

    Urban population: 62.4% of total population (2.27% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: 26.3%

    GDP per capita: $3,619,254.43

    Population distribution: over half of the population resides on the atoll of Funafuti

  • #3. Nauru
    49/ Public Domain

    #3. Nauru

    Population: 9,642

    Population growth rate: 0.53%

    Urban population: 100% of total population (-0.06% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $11,823,273.18

    Population distribution: extensive phosphate mining made approximately 90% of the island unsuitable for farming; most people live in the fertile coastal areas, especially along the southwest coast

  • #2. Cook Islands
    50/ eutrophication&hypoxia // Flickr

    #2. Cook Islands

    Population: 9,290

    Population growth rate: -2.79%

    Urban population: 75.1% of total population (0.37% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: $26,275,565.12

    Population distribution: most of the population is found on the island of Rarotonga

  • #1. Holy See (Vatican City)
    51/ Alex Proimos // Wikicommons

    #1. Holy See (Vatican City)

    Population: 1,000

    Population growth rate: 0%

    Urban population: 100% of total population (-0.05% annual rate of change)

    Population below poverty line: N/A

    GDP per capita: N/A

    Population distribution: N/A

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