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50 smallest countries in the world

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Andorra—Public Domain

50 smallest countries in the world

Continual coverage by news outlets on widespread geopolitical tension among global economic superpowers—such as talks of potential collusion between the Trump administration and Russia, as well as the constant back-and-forth on trade sanctions between the United States and China—does not leave much room for status updates on the world’s smallest nations.

Even the least-geographically savvy individuals are likely aware of the world’s largest countries by now, but what about Earth’s tiniest countries? The world’s 50 smallest nations add up to a cumulative population of 27,074,994; for context, that number is more than a million fewer people than there are in Texas—not even the largest state in America.

To provide insight into these small, lesser-known populations, Stacker referenced data from the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook, listing the 50 smallest nations on Earth by total population. Each nation is named, along with a handful of relevant population statistics and a description of the population distribution, which is taken directly from the World Factbook.

Read on to discover how many of the world’s smallest nations you never knew existed.

RELATED: Biggest countries in the world

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Pixabay

#50. Kosovo

Population: 1,895,250

Population growth rate: N/A

Urban population: N/A

Population below poverty line: 30%

GDP per capita: $3,526.71

Population distribution: population clusters exist throughout the country, the largest being in the east in and around the capital of Pristina

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Albert Herring // Wikicommons

#49. Guinea-Bissau

Population: 1,792,338

Population growth rate: 1.86%

Urban population: 43.4% of total population (3.41% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 67%

GDP per capita: $722.52

Population distribution: approximately one-fifth of the population lives in the capital city of Bissau along the Atlantic coast; the remainder is distributed among the eight other, mainly rural regions

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NASA

#48. Gabon

Population: 1,772,255

Population growth rate: 1.92%

Urban population: 89.4% of total population (2.61% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 34.3%

GDP per capita: $8,164.74

Population distribution: the relatively small population is spread in pockets throughout the country; the largest urban center is the capital of Libreville, located along the Atlantic coast in the northwest

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Antonio Olmedo // Wikicommons

#47. eSwatini (formerly Swaziland)

Population: 1,467,152

Population growth rate: 1.08%

Urban population: 23.8% of total population (2.46% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 63%

GDP per capita: $2,746.82

Population distribution: because of its mountainous terrain, the population distribution is uneven throughout the country, concentrating primarily in valleys and plains

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Wadiia // Wikicommons

#46. Bahrain

Population: 1,410,942

Population growth rate: 2.26%

Urban population: 89.3% of total population (4.38% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $24,005.24

Population distribution: smallest population of the Gulf States, but urbanization rate exceeds 90%; largest settlement concentration is found on the far northern end of the island in and around Manama and Al Muharraq

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Tejcoomar Luchmun // Wikicommons

#45. Mauritius

Population: 1,356,388

Population growth rate: 0.59%

Urban population: 40.8% of total population (0.11% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 8%

GDP per capita: $9,046.08

Population distribution: population density is one of the highest in the world; urban cluster are found throught the main island, with a greater density in and around Port Louis; population on Rodrigues Island is spread across the island with a slightly denser cluster on the north coast

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Graham Crumb // Flickr

#44. Timor-Leste

Population: 1,291,358

Population growth rate: 2.36%

Urban population: 30.6% of total population (3.35% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 41.8%

GDP per capita: $2,103.21

Population distribution: most of the population concentrated in the western third of the country, particularly around Dili

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Pixabay

#43. Estonia

Population: 1,251,581

Population growth rate: -0.57%

Urban population: 68.9% of total population (0.01% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 21.3%

GDP per capita: $20,518.05

Population distribution: a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations

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GoodFreePhotos

#42. Cyprus

Population: 1,221,549

Population growth rate: 1.32%

Urban population: 66.8% of total population (0.75% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $17,281.34

Population distribution: population concentrated in central Nicosia and in the major cities of the south: Paphos, Limassol, and Larnaca

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Kalamazadkhan // Wikicommons

#41. Trinidad and Tobago

Population: 1,218,208

Population growth rate: -0.2%

Urban population: 53.2% of total population (0.22% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 20%

GDP per capita: $16,663.82

Population distribution: population on Trinidad is concentrated in the western half of the island, on Tobago in the southern half

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Heinz Albers // Wikicommons

#40. Fiji

Population: 920,938

Population growth rate: 0.6%

Urban population: 56.2% of total population (1.62% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 31%

GDP per capita: $5,487.88

Population distribution: approximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas

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Fishercd // Wikicommons

#39. Djibouti

Population: 865,267

Population growth rate: 2.16%

Urban population: 77.8% of total population (1.67% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 23%

GDP per capita: $2,406.19

Population distribution: most densely populated areas are in the east; the largest city is Djibouti, with a population over 600,000; no other city in the country has a total population over 50,000

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Harayamouji // Wikicommons

#38. Comoros

Population: 808,080

Population growth rate: 1.64%

Urban population: 29% of total population (2.87% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 44.8%

GDP per capita: $815,513.32

Population distribution: the capital city of Moroni, located on the western side of the island of Grande Comore, is the country's largest city; however, of the three islands that comprise Comoros, it is Anjouan that is the most densely populated

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Embassy of Equatorial Guinea // Flickr

#37. Equatorial Guinea

Population: 778,358

Population growth rate: 2.44%

Urban population: 72.1% of total population (4.28% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 44%

GDP per capita: $12,937.49

Population distribution: only two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands

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Jean-Marie Hullot // Wikicommons

#36. Bhutan

Population: 758,288

Population growth rate: 1.07%

Urban population: 40.9% of total population (2.98% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 13.3%

GDP per capita: $3,060.84

Population distribution: N/A

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amanderson2 // Wikicommons

#35. Guyana

Population: 737,718

Population growth rate: 0.32%

Urban population: 26.6% of total population (0.83% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 35%

GDP per capita: $4,867.71

Population distribution: population is heavily concentrated in the northeast in and around Georgetown, with notable concentrations along the Berbice River to the east; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

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ravilacoya // Flickr

#34. Solomon Islands

Population: 647,581

Population growth rate: 1.94%

Urban population: 23.7% of total population (3.91% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $1,965.78

Population distribution: most of the population lives along the coastal regions; about one in five live in urban areas, and of these some two-thirds reside in Honiara, the largest town and chief port

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Островский Александр, Киев // Wikicommons

#33. Montenegro

Population: 642,550

Population growth rate: -0.28%

Urban population: 66.8% of total population (0.54% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 8.6%

GDP per capita: $6,855.50

Population distribution: highest population density is concentrated in the south, southwest; the extreme eastern border is the least populated area

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Cayambe // Wikicommons

#32. Luxembourg

Population: 594,130

Population growth rate: 1.98%

Urban population: 91% of total population (1.55% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $106,912.63

Population distribution: most people live in the south, on or near the border with France

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Max Pixel

#31. Suriname

Population: 591,919

Population growth rate: 1.02%

Urban population: 66.1% of total population (0.9% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 70%

GDP per capita: $6,191.73

Population distribution: population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

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Manuel de Sousa // Wikicommons

#30. Cabo Verde

Population: 560,899

Population growth rate: 1.33%

Urban population: 65.7% of total population (1.97% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 30%

GDP per capita: $3,080.77

Population distribution: among the nine inhabited islands, population distribution is variable; islands in the east are very dry and are only sparsely settled to exploit their extensive salt deposits; the more southerly islands receive more precipitation and support larger populations, but agriculture and livestock grazing have damaged the soil fertility and vegetation; approximately half of the population lives on Sao Tiago Island, which is the location of the capital of Praia; Mindelo, on the northern island of Sao Vicente, also has a large urban population

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Bernard Spragg. NZ // Wikicommons

#29. Brunei

Population: 443,593

Population growth rate: 1.57%

Urban population: 77.6% of total population (1.66% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $26,961.65

Population distribution: N/A

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Public Domain

#28. Malta

Population: 416,338

Population growth rate: 0.26%

Urban population: 94.6% of total population (0.38% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 16.3%

GDP per capita: $28,846.75

Population distribution: most of the population lives on the eastern half of Malta, the largest of the three inhabited islands

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Gzzz // Wikicommons

#27. Maldives

Population: 392,709

Population growth rate: -0.06%

Urban population: 39.8% of total population (2.93% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 16%

GDP per capita: $11,509.79

Population distribution: about a third of the population lives in the centrally located capital city of Male and almost a 10th in southern Addu City; the remainder of the populace is spread over the 200 or so populated islands of the archipelago

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Dronepicr // Wikicommons

#26. Belize

Population: 360,346

Population growth rate: 1.8%

Urban population: 45.7% of total population (2.32% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 41%

GDP per capita: $5,047.93

Population distribution: approximately 25–30% of the population lives in the former capital, Belize City; over half of the overall population is rural; population density is slightly higher in the north and east

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Mark Fischer // Wikicommons

#25. Iceland

Population: 339,747

Population growth rate: 1.13%

Urban population: 93.8% of total population (0.81% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $73,142.66

Population distribution: Iceland is almost entirely urban with half of the population located in and around the capital of Reykjavik; smaller clusters are primarily found along the coast in the north and west

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Vanessa Vancour // Flickr

#24. The Bahamas

Population: 329,988

Population growth rate: 0.81%

Urban population: 83% of total population (1.13% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 9.3%

GDP per capita: $27,658.58

Population distribution: most of the population lives in urban areas, with two-thirds living on New Providence Island where Nassau is located

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Sandman5 // Flickr

#23. Barbados

Population: 292,336

Population growth rate: 0.28%

Urban population: 31.1% of total population (0.2% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $16,491.30

Population distribution: most densely populated country in the eastern Caribbean; approximately one-third live in urban areas

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Phillip Capper // Wikicommons

#22. Vanuatu

Population: 282,814

Population growth rate: 1.85%

Urban population: 25.3% of total population (2.55% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $2,959,542.31

Population distribution: three-quarters of the population lives in rural areas; the urban populace lives primarily in two cities, Port-Vila and Luganville; three largest islands—Espiritu Santo, Malakula, and Efate—accommodate over half of the populace

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David Stanley // Wikicommons

#21. Sao Tome and Principe

Population: 201,025

Population growth rate: 1.72%

Urban population: 72.8% of total population (3.33% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 66.2%

GDP per capita: $1,850,516.10

Population distribution: Sao Tome, the capital city, has roughly a quarter of the nation's population; Santo Antonio is the largest town on Principe; the northern areas of both islands have the highest population densities

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Public Domain

#20. Samoa

Population: 200,108

Population growth rate: 0.6%

Urban population: 18.2% of total population (-0.47% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $4,217,722.43

Population distribution: about three-quarters of the population lives on the island of Upolu

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XeresNelro // Wikicommons

#19. Saint Lucia

Population: 164,994

Population growth rate: 0.32%

Urban population: 18.7% of total population (0.8% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $10,406.44

Population distribution: most of the population is found on the periphery of the island, with a larger concentration in the north around the capital of Castries

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Pixabay

#18. Grenada

Population: 111,724

Population growth rate: 0.44%

Urban population: 36.3% of total population (0.76% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 38%

GDP per capita: $9,944.15

Population distribution: approximately one-third of the population is found in the capital of St. George's; the island's population is concentrated along the coast

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Erin Magee/DFAT // Wikicommons

#17. Kiribati

Population: 108,145

Population growth rate: 1.13%

Urban population: 54.1% of total population (3.19% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $1,719,913.08

Population distribution: consists of three achipelagos spread out over an area roughly the size of India; the eastern Line Islands and central Phoenix Islands are sparsely populated, but the western Gilbert Islands are some of the most densely settled places on earth, with the main island of South Tarawa boasting a population density similar to Tokyo or Hong Kong

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David Broad // Wikicommons

#16. Tonga

Population: 106,479

Population growth rate: -0.05%

Urban population: 23.1% of total population (0.71% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 24%

GDP per capita: $4,104,095.64

Population distribution: over two-thirds of the population lives on the island of Tongatapu; only 45 of the nation's 171 islands are occupied

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Department of Foreign Affairs // Flickr

#15. Federated States of Micronesia

Population: 104,196

Population growth rate: -0.52%

Urban population: 22.7% of total population (1.05% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 26.7%

GDP per capita: $3,157,510.84

Population distribution: the majority of the populaton lives in the coastal areas of the high islands; the mountainous interior is largely uninhabited; less than half of the population lives in urban areas

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David Broad // Wikicommons

#14. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Population: 102,089

Population growth rate: -0.25%

Urban population: 52.2% of total population (1.03% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $7,983,230.32

Population distribution: most of the population is concentrated in and around the capital of Kingstown

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dronepicr // Flickr

#13. Seychelles

Population: 93,920

Population growth rate: 0.77%

Urban population: 56.7% of total population (1.26% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 39.3%

GDP per capita: $15,747.44

Population distribution: more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islands

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Public Domain

#12. Andorra

Population: 85,702

Population growth rate: 0.03%

Urban population: 88.1% of total population (-0.31% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $31,644.54

Population distribution: population is unevenly distributed and is concentrated in the seven urbanized valleys that make up the country's parishes (political administrative divisions)

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Hendrik Scholz // Wikicommons

#11. Marshall Islands

Population: 74,539

Population growth rate: 1.55%

Urban population: 77% of total population (0.61% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: no data

GDP per capita: $2,669,743.36

Population distribution: most people live in urban clusters found on many of the country's islands; more than two-thirds of the population lives on the atolls of Majuro and Ebeye

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Konstantin Krismer // Wikicommons

#10. Dominica

Population: 73,897

Population growth rate: 0.18%

Urban population: 70.5% of total population (0.94% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 29%

GDP per capita: $8,227,668.24

Population distribution: population is mosly clustered along the coast, with roughly a third living in the parish of St. George, in or around the capital of Roseau; the volcanic interior is sparsely populated

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Nesnad // Wikicommons

#9. Saint Kitts and Nevis

Population: 52,715

Population growth rate: 0.73%

Urban population: 30.8% of total population (0.92% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $17,812,766.76

Population distribution: population clusters are found in the small towns located on the periphery of both islands

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George McCord // Flickr

#8. Liechtenstein

Population: 38,244

Population growth rate: 0.8%

Urban population: 14.3% of total population (0.81% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $174,458.74

Population distribution: most of the population is found in the western half of the country along the Rhine River

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Max_Ryazanov // Wikicommons

#7. San Marino

Population: 33,537

Population growth rate: 0.74%

Urban population: 97.2% of total population (0.67% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $48,692.49

Population distribution: N/A

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Tobi 87 // Wikicommons

#6. Monaco

Population: 30,645

Population growth rate: 0.24%

Urban population: 100% of total population (0.51% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $195,986.29

Population distribution: the most densely populated country in the world; its entire population living on 2 square kilometers

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LuxTonnerre // Wikicommons

#5. Palau

Population: 21,431

Population growth rate: 0.39%

Urban population: 79.9% of total population (1.77% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $14,978,302.46

Population distribution: most of the population is located on the southern end of the main island of Babelthuap (also known as Babeldaob)

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INABA Tomoaki // Wikicommons

#4. Tuvalu

Population: 11,052

Population growth rate: 0.85%

Urban population: 62.4% of total population (2.27% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 26.3%

GDP per capita: $3,619,254.43

Population distribution: over half of the population resides on the atoll of Funafuti

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Public Domain

#3. Nauru

Population: 9,642

Population growth rate: 0.53%

Urban population: 100% of total population (-0.06% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $11,823,273.18

Population distribution: extensive phosphate mining made approximately 90% of the island unsuitable for farming; most people live in the fertile coastal areas, especially along the southwest coast

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eutrophication&hypoxia // Flickr

#2. Cook Islands

Population: 9,290

Population growth rate: -2.79%

Urban population: 75.1% of total population (0.37% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: $26,275,565.12

Population distribution: most of the population is found on the island of Rarotonga

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Alex Proimos // Wikicommons

#1. Holy See (Vatican City)

Population: 1,000

Population growth rate: 0%

Urban population: 100% of total population (-0.05% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: N/A

GDP per capita: N/A

Population distribution: N/A

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