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States with the most Confederate memorials

  • #12. Kentucky

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 37
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Erlanger (4 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 5

    During the removal of a marble statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from the Kentucky state capitol in June, officials discovered a newspaper dated Oct. 20, 1936. The clipping underscores the fact that rather than being parts of actual Civil War history, most Confederate monuments were installed more than a half-century after the Civil War.

    Two other Confederate monuments in Kentucky were relocated in 2019: one of Confederate Gen. John Cabell Breckinridge, who also served as secretary of war, and another of Gen. John Hunt Morgan.

    [Pictured: A monument to John Hunt Morgan, a Confederate general during the Civil War, stands near the old Historic Lexington Courthouse Aug. 14, 2017, in Lexington, Kentucky.]

  • #11. Arkansas

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 65
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Little Rock (17 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 2

    The city of Little Rock on June 18 removed a Confederate monument called “Memorial to Company A, Capital Guard” that had stood since 1911. The state has 34 Civil War properties that are registered with the National Register of Historic Places.

    [Pictured: A monument to the Confederacy in the town square in Bentonville, Arkansas.]

  • #10. Florida

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 67
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Jacksonville (11 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 13

    Gadsden County’s commission in early June voted unanimously to remove a 136-year-old Confederate monument. On June 11, another Confederate monument in Jacksonville was removed. Elsewhere, groups are voting to keep Confederate memorials: The commission in Walton County—which is 90% white—agreed on June 23 to keep a Confederate flag that has since the civil rights era hung outside the courthouse.

    [Pictured: A Confederate monument in Lee Park in Pensacola, Florida, photographed in 2017.]

  • #9. Louisiana

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 83
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Baton Rouge (12 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 5

    The East Baton Rouge Parish School Board on June 18 voted unanimously to change the name of Lee High School. The superintendent was slated to assemble a school renaming committee. And on June 16, the Iberville Parish Council voted unanimously to take down a statue in front of the courthouse that has been there for more than 100 years with the inscription “The principles for which they fought live eternally.”

    [Pictured: In New Orleans, a woman bikes past the pedestal which held Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's statue, which was removed in 2017.]

  • #8. Tennessee

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 105
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Franklin (12 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 9

    Protestors on May 30 pulled down a statue of Edward Carmack—a pro-lynching newspaper editor and politician—at the state capitol that had been up for nine decades. That statue, along with the dozens of Confederate symbols and other monuments throughout the state, has been controversial for years but received newly focused attention since the start of the George Floyd protests around the country and world.

    Throughout the state, petitions and civil action are underway to do away with Confederate monuments. A high-schooler in Haywood County is working to have a Confederate statue removed from the Haywood County Courthouse; while a Change.org petition begun in mid-June that seeks to replace all of Tennessee’s Confederate statues with Dolly Parton monuments had more than 21,000 signatures as of June 26.

    [Pictured: The Confederate Monument in the Franklin, Tennessee, town center stands across from the Williamson County Courthouse.]

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  • #7. Alabama

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 123
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Montgomery (19 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 4

    In Birmingham and Mobile, Confederate monuments have been removed amid recent protests; those removals may be subject to fines under Alabama’s Memorial Preservation Act. That 2017 law was designed to prevent Confederate statues from being moved or schools from being renamed.

    Alabama’s Confederate Memorial Park Chilton County houses the state’s sole Confederate Soldiers’ Home, which was in operation from 1902 to 1939. The park also has a Confederate artifacts museum, burial grounds for 300 Confederate soldiers, and an on-site library that is managed by the Sons of Confederate Veterans organization. The park has been the subject of recent calls for defunding.

    [Pictured: A large confederate monument on located Capitol Hill in Montgomery, Alabama.]

  • #6. Mississippi

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 147
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Moss Point (17 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 0

    State officials on June 18 agreed to relocate a Confederate statue, prominently located on the University of Mississippi campus, to a campus cemetery. The monument was the site of a 1962 riot that touched off when the first Black student tried to enroll; that riot killed two people. Groups voted for the statue’s removal in 2019. The university seeks to fundraise around $1 million to move the monument, install a Black Civil War soldiers memorial, and add headstones in the cemetery.

    [Pictured: A Confederate statue on the Mississippi University Campus in Oxford, Mississippi.]

  • #5. North Carolina

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 168
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Wilmington (33 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 8

    The state capitol’s 75-foot Confederate monument, featuring a Confederate infantryman standing atop a giant granite pillar, was taken down on June 23. It had been erected in 1895. The action came on the heels of protesters pulling down two statues of Confederate soldiers near the monument and dragging them through downtown Raleigh. It took three days for workers to remove the 8,500-pound column of granite beneath the statue.

    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill on June 17 lifted a moratorium established in 2015 that forbade changing the names of campus buildings and locations.

    [Pictured: A crew removes a Confederate monument from the Capitol grounds in Raleigh, North Carolina, on June 20, 2020.]

  • #4. South Carolina

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 194
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Columbia (38 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 2

    Following the 2015 church murder of eight Black parishioners and a pastor, South Carolina’s Confederate flag on the state capitol lawn was removed. A full one-third of the monuments on statehouse grounds today relate to the Confederacy or segregation.

    A 2000 bill called the Heritage Act makes it so a two-thirds vote by South Carolina’s General Assembly is required to make any changes to building names or monuments.

    [Pictured: A statue of Confederate cavalry leader Wade Hampton III stands on the grounds of the South Carolina State House in Columbia.]

  • #3. Georgia

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 201
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Atlanta (18 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 8

    Georgia law prohibits moving monuments in most cases. One exception is the relocation of a monument in order to carry out planned construction. Seizing on this loophole, government officials in Athens-Clarke County are considering a crosswalk expansion in downtown Athens near the University of Georgia where a contentious monument honoring dead Confederate soldiers has stood since 1872. The location has been a lightning rod for protestors, some of whom graffitied the monument, and clashes with police. On at least one recent occasion, pepper spray was used by police against demonstrators.

    If the proposal passes, the obelisk would be relocated to a nearby site where a small Civil War battle took place.

    [Pictured: Crew members work to remove the 30-foot Confederate monument, which was brought down on June 19, 2020, in Decatur, Georgia.]

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