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States with the most Confederate memorials

  • #22. New York

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 3
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Brooklyn (2 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 2

    A number of Confederate memorials were removed from New York City following the 2017 Unite the Right rally. These included a plaque installed in 1912 denoting the location where Gen. Robert E. Lee planted a tree in Brooklyn, and sculptures of Lee (dedicated in 1923) and fellow Confederate Gen. Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (dedicated in 1957) that stood in Bronx Community College’s Hall of Fame for Great Americans. In 2018, a statue in Central Park of J. Marion Sims—a famous 19th-century doctor and gynecologist who conducted experimental surgeries on enslaved women between 1845 and 1849—was also taken down.

    Amid the swell of protests following the death of George Floyd, several other monuments throughout the city have come under renewed scrutiny including the statue of President Theodore Roosevelt in front of the American Museum of Natural History. That monument, depicting the former president flanked by a Native American man and an African man, is perceived by many as perpetuating Roosevelt’s well-documented beliefs in eugenics and a racial hierarchy—the statue also goes against Roosevelt’s own wishes that his likeness never be used in any statues.

    [Pictured: City workers remove a statue of J. Marion Sims from Central Park in New York City on April 17, 2018.]

  • #21. Maryland

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 3
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Annapolis (1 symbol)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 7

    Several of the Confederate monuments throughout the state are hardly historic; with some dedicated in the 1990s and early 2000s. In June 2020, calls were renewed to remove Confederate memorials throughout Maryland, including a Civil War plaque that was installed in the State House in 1964.

    Former Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake in 2015 created a commission to review all Confederate monuments in the city and make recommendations including preservation in place, the addition of new signage, relocation, or removal.

    Following the 2017 Unite the Right rally, four Confederate statues were removed from Baltimore and a statue in Annapolis depicting a Supreme Court justice who had defended slavery was also taken down.

    [Pictured: A family takes photos at the Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson monument base in Wyman Park Dell in Baltimore, Maryland, after it was removed by the city on Aug. 16, 2017.]

  • #20. Idaho

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 3
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Boise (1 symbol)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 0

    The Cathedral of the Rockies in Boise announced in June 2020 that it would remove a stained glass window depicting Gen. Robert E. Lee that was installed in 1960. Outside the city, Robert E. Lee Creek and Robert E. Lee Campground have received renewed criticisms and calls for renaming.

    Idaho is also home to the city of Leesburg, dedicated in 1855 and named for the Confederate general.

    [Pictured: A view of the First United Methodist Cathedral of the Rockies in Boise, Idaho.]

  • #19. Ohio

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 5
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Milford (3 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 1

    Ohio lawmakers in June 2020 refused to ban Confederate flags and other symbols at county fairs, but Gov. Mike DeWine on June 23 said he wasn’t opposed to removing Confederate statues and memorials throughout the state.

    The Robert E. Lee Dixie Highway Monument was removed in 2017 after standing for almost a century; several roads named for Confederate generals Robert E. Lee and Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson remain in the Southwest corner of the state.

    [Pictured: A historical marker at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio.]

  • #18. California

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 5
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Alpine County (1 symbol)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 3

    Sequoia and Kings Canyon national parks in California announced in late June that all references to Gen. Robert E. Lee would be removed from printed and online materials and exhibits. In Fort Bragg, proposals are underway to rename the coastal California town named after Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg who enslaved more than 100 people. The town was named in 1857, before the Civil War, for Bragg—who before trading sides had been a commanding officer in the U.S. military and who had fought in the Mexican-American War. Bragg was a controversial figure in the Civil War with a lasting reputation for his short fuse and inept leadership.

    [Pictured: A welcome sign upon entering Fort Bragg, California.]

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  • #17. Arizona

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 5
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Phoenix (2 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 0

    Military veterans in Arizona on June 24 called on Gov. Doug Ducey to take down Confederate monuments in the state capitol. The monument in question, which reads “A nation that forgets its past has no future,” was a gift from the Daughters of the Confederacy in the early ‘60s. In February 2019, the NAACP also contacted Ducey about taking down six Confederate monuments standing on state land.

    [Pictured: The Confederate Troops Memorial at Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza in Phoenix, Arizona.]

  • #16. Washington DC

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 10
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Washington (10 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 2

    The statue of Confederate Brigadier Gen. Albert Pike in Washington D.C. was dropped by protestors on June 20 and set on fire. It was the only outdoor Confederate monument in the nation’s capital; 11 more remain indoors throughout the city.

    [Pictured: Tourists walk past a bronze statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis inside of Statuary Hall at the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington D.C.]

  • #15. Oklahoma

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 13
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Durant (2 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 4

    The Cherokee Nation on June 14 removed two Confederate monuments from Capitol Square that the Daughters of the Confederacy had installed almost 100 years ago. Principal Chief Chuck Hoskin Jr. said discussions are underway to commission Cherokee artists to create a new monument to the Trail of Tears in the same spot the Confederate memorials stood.

    Elsewhere in Oklahoma, other monuments have come under fire for potential removal as other Confederate monuments around the country come down.

    [Pictured: The Civil War Monument on Capitol Square in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, photographed in 2016.]

  • #14. Missouri

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 19
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Keytesville (2 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 4

    The Cape Girardeau Historic Preservation Commission on June 23 voted unanimously to remove a monument of the Confederate flag with the initials “C.S.A.” (Confederate States of America) above it. The monument had been installed in 1931 and moved to its current position in Cape Girardeau in 1995.

    [Pictured: A Confederate war memorial in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, photographed in 2008.]

  • #13. West Virginia

    - Total number of Confederate symbols: 21
    - City with the most Confederate symbols: Charleston (6 symbols)
    - Number of symbol removals since 1880: 0

    West Virginia, the only state created in the Civil War when it seceded from Virginia to join the Union, is home to 21 Confederate memorials—many of which were donated by the Daughters of the Confederacy during the civil rights movement and Jim Crow era. The Harrison County Commission on June 17 denied a motion for the removal of a statue depicting Gen. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson in Clarksburg.

    [Pictured: A passerby stops to take a picture of the statue of Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson at the West Virginia State Capitol Complex on Aug.16, 2017, in Charleston, West Virginia.]

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