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Biggest countries in the world

Biggest countries in the world
1/ChrisA1995 // Flickr

Biggest countries in the world

When one embarks upon on a cross-country road trip, it’s likely they may experience hour-long stretches of utter loneliness where it feels as though not another soul exists for miles in any direction. At the same time, one boarding a rush-hour metro in New York, London, or Tokyo, might be wishing they were on the wide-open road all on their own.

The world has a funny way of feeling extremely crowded at times and awfully empty at others, and this probably has something to do with the fact that much of the world’s 7.63 billion-person population is concentrated within a compact collection of urban hubs. Of the 50 largest countries by total population, 32 have urban populations that make up more than half of the nations’ total numbers.

Using data from the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook, Stacker has listed the world’s largest countries according to population estimates from July 2017. For each nation listed, information on population is provided, including: population growth rate; urban population; population living below the poverty line; per-capita gross domestic product; and a description of the nation’s populationverbatim from the World Factbook.

Read on to see which countries hold the majority of the world’s population.

RELATED: Click here to read which countries have the worst gender gaps.

#50. Mozambique
2/Nightstallion // Wikimedia Commons

#50. Mozambique

Population: 26,573,706

Population growth rate: 2.46%

Urban population: 36% of total population (4.35% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 46.1%

GDP per capita: $464.75

Population distribution: three large populations clusters are found along the southern coast between Maputo and Inhambane, in the central area between Beira and Chimoio along the Zambezi River, and in and around the northern cities of Nampula, Cidade de Nacala, and Pemba; the northwest and southwest are the least populated areas

#49. Ghana
3/SiBr4 // Wikimedia Commons

#49. Ghana

Population: 27,499,924

Population growth rate: 2.17%

Urban population: 56.1% of total population (3.34% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 24.2%

GDP per capita: $1,653.10

Population distribution: population is concentrated in the southern half of the country, with the highest concentrations being on or near the Atlantic coast

#48. Yemen
4/Open Clip Art website // Wikimedia Commons

#48. Yemen

Population: 28,036,829

Population growth rate: 2.28%

Urban population: 36.6% of total population (4.06% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 54%

GDP per capita: $915.58

Population distribution: the vast majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains (part of the larger Sarawat Mountain system), located in the far western region of the country

#47. Saudi Arabia
5/Unknown // Wikimedia Commons

#47. Saudi Arabia

Population: 28,571,770

Population growth rate: 1.45%

Urban population: 83.8% of total population (2.17% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: no info

GDP per capita: $23,747.22

Population distribution: historically a population that was mostly nomadic or semi-nomadic, the Saudi population has become more settled since petroleum was discovered in the 1930s; most of the economic activities—and with it the country's population—is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula, from Ad Dammam in the east, through Riyadh in the interior, to Mecca-Medina in the west near the Red Sea

#46. Angola
6/SKopp // Wikimedia Commons

#46. Angola

Population: 29,310,273

Population growth rate: 3.52%

Urban population: 65.5% of total population (4.32% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 40.5%

GDP per capita: $4,230.60

Population distribution: most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly Luanda

#45. Nepal
7/Tcfc2349 // Wikimedia Commons

#45. Nepal

Population: 29,384,297

Population growth rate: 1.16%

Urban population: 19.7% of total population (3.15% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 25.2%

GDP per capita: $819.15

Population distribution: most of the population is divided nearly equally between a concentration in the southern-most plains of the Terai region and the central hilly region; overall density is quite low

#44. Uzbekistan
8/Henrik Hansen // Wikimedia Commons

#44. Uzbekistan

Population: 29,748,859

Population growth rate: 0.93%

Urban population: 50.5% of total population (1.28% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 14%

GDP per capita: $2,269.33

Population distribution: most of the population is concentrated in the fertile Fergana Valley in the easternmost arm of the country; the south has significant clusters of people while the central and western deserts are sparsely populated

#43. Peru
9/Huhsunqu // Wikimedia Commons

#43. Peru

Population: 31,036,656

Population growth rate: 0.95%

Urban population: 77.9% of total population (1.44% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 22.7%

GDP per capita: $6,766.19

Population distribution: approximately one-third of the population resides along the desert coastal belt in the west, with a strong focus on the capital city of Lima; the Andean highlands, or sierra, which is strongly identified with the country's Amerindian population, contains roughly half of the overall population; the eastern slopes of the Andes, and adjoining rainforest, are sparsely populated

#42. Venezuela
10/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#42. Venezuela

Population: 31,304,016

Population growth rate: 1.24%

Urban population: 88.2% of total population (1.28% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 19.7%

GDP per capita: $6,877.71

Population distribution: most of the population is concentrated in the northern and western highlands along an eastern spur at the northern end of the Andes, an area that includes the capital of Caracas

#41. Malaysia
11/SKopp // Wikimedia Commons

#41. Malaysia

Population: 31,381,992

Population growth rate: 1.37%

Urban population: 76% of total population (2.13% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 3.8%

GDP per capita: $9,875.09

Population distribution: a highly uneven distribution with over 80% of the population residing on the Malay Peninsula

#40. Morocco
12/~riley // Wikimedia Commons

#40. Morocco

Population: 33,986,655

Population growth rate: 0.97%

Urban population: 62.5% of total population (2.14% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 15%

GDP per capita: $3,257.16

Population distribution: the highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts; a number of densely populated agglomerations are found scattered through the Atlas Mountains

#39. Afghanistan
13/Various // Wikimedia Commons

#39. Afghanistan

Population: 34,124,811

Population growth rate: 2.36%

Urban population: 25.5% of total population (3.37% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 35.8%

GDP per capita: $617.15

Population distribution: populations tend to cluster in the foothills and periphery of the rugged Hindu Kush range; smaller groups are found in many of the country's interior valleys; in general, the east is more densely settled while the south is sparsely populated

#38. Canada
14/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#38. Canada

Population: 35,623,680

Population growth rate: 0.73%

Urban population: 81.4% of total population (0.97% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 9.4%

GDP per capita: $46,036.79

Population distribution: vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia

#37. Sudan
15/Vzb83 // Wikimedia Commons

#37. Sudan

Population: 37,345,935

Population growth rate: 1.64%

Urban population: 34.6% of total population (3.17% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 46.5%

GDP per capita: $3,186.42

Population distribution: with the exception of a ribbon of settlement that corresponds to the banks of the Nile, northern Sudan, which extends into the dry Sahara, is sparsely populated; more abundant vegetation and broader access to water increases population distribution in the south extending habitable range along nearly the entire border with South Sudan; sizeable areas of population are found around Khartoum, southeast between the Blue and White Nile Rivers, and throughout South Darfur

#36. Poland
16/Fry1989 // Wikimedia Commons

#36. Poland

Population: 38,476,269

Population growth rate: -0.13%

Urban population: 60.1% of total population (-0.25% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 17.6%

GDP per capita: $13,254.92

Population distribution: population concentrated in the southern area around Krakow and the central area around Warsaw and Lodz, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk

#35. Iraq
17/Tcfc2349 // Wikimedia Commons

#35. Iraq

Population: 39,192,111

Population growth rate: 2.55%

Urban population: 70.5% of total population (3.06% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 23%

GDP per capita: $4,916.81

Population distribution: population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger urban agglomerations found along extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited

#34. Uganda
18/tobias // Wikimedia Commons

#34. Uganda

Population: 39,570,125

Population growth rate: 3.2%

Urban population: 23.8% of total population (5.7% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 19.7%

GDP per capita: $666.92

Population distribution: population density is relatively high in comparison to other African nations; most of the population is concentrated in the central and southern parts of the country, particularly along the shores of Lake Victoria and Lake Albert; the northeast is least populated

#33. Algeria
19/TFerenczy // Wikimedia Commons

#33. Algeria

Population: 40,969,443

Population growth rate: 1.7%

Urban population: 72.6% of total population (2.46% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 23%

GDP per capita: $4,283.68

Population distribution: the vast majority of the populace is found in the extreme northern part of the country along the Mediterranean Coast

#32. Ukraine
20/Government of Ukraine // Wikimedia Commons

#32. Ukraine

Population: 44,033,874

Population growth rate: -0.41%

Urban population: 69.4% of total population (-0.33% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 24.1%

GDP per capita: $2,364.09

Population distribution: densest settlement in the eastern (Donbas) and western regions; noteable concentrations in and around major urban areas of Kyiv, Kharkiv, Donets'k, Dnipropetrovs'k, and Odessa

#31. Argentina
21/Government of Argentina // Wikimedia Commons

#31. Argentina

Population: 44,293,293

Population growth rate: 0.91%

Urban population: 91.9% of total population (1.07% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 32.2%

GDP per capita: $13,995.35

Population distribution: one-third of the population lives in Buenos Aires; pockets of agglomeration occur throughout the northern and central parts of the country; Patagonia to the south remains sparsely populated

#30. Kenya
22/Pumbaa80 // Wikimedia Commons

#30. Kenya

Population: 47,615,739

Population growth rate: 1.69%

Urban population: 27% of total population (4.23% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 43.4%

GDP per capita: $1,646.51

Population distribution: population heavily concentrated in the west along the shore of Lake Victoria; other areas of high density include the capital of Nairobi, and in the southeast along the Indian Ocean coast

#29. Colombia
23/Kopp // Wikimedia Commons

#29. Colombia

Population: 47,698,524

Population growth rate: 0.99%

Urban population: 80.8% of total population (1.22% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 27.8%

GDP per capita: $6,446.74

Population distribution: the majority of people live in the north and west where agricultural opportunities and natural resources are found; the vast grasslands of the llanos to the south and east, which make up approximately 60% of the country, are sparsely populated

#28. Spain
24/SiBr4 // Wikimedia Commons

#28. Spain

Population: 48,958,159

Population growth rate: 0.78%

Urban population: 80.3% of total population (0.33% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 21.1%

GDP per capita: $26,696.27

Population distribution: with the notable exception of Madrid, Sevilla, and Zaragoza, the largest urban agglomerations are found along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts; numerous smaller cities are spread throughout the interior reflecting Spain's agrarian heritage; dense settlement is found around the capital of Madrid, as well as the port city of Barcelona

#27. South Korea
25/Reepy1 // Wikimedia Commons

#27. South Korea

Population: 51,181,299

Population growth rate: 0.48%

Urban population: 81.5% of total population (0.3% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 12.5%

GDP per capita: $29,893.73

Population distribution: with approximately 70% of the country considered mountainous, the country's population is primarily concentrated in the lowland areas, where density is quite high; Gyeonggi Province in the northwest, which surrounds the capital of Seoul and contains the port of Incheon, is the most densely populated province; Gangwon in the northeast is the least populated

#26. Tanzania
26/SiBr4 // Wikimedia Commons

#26. Tanzania

Population: 53,950,935

Population growth rate: 2.75%

Urban population: 33.8% of total population (5.22% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 22.8%

GDP per capita: $956.61

Population distribution: the largest and most populous East African country; population distribution is extremely uneven, but greater population clusters occur in the northern half of country and along the east coast

#25. South Africa
27/SiBr4 // Wikimedia Commons

#25. South Africa

Population: 54,841,552

Population growth rate: 0.99%

Urban population: 66.4% of total population (1.97% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 16.6%

GDP per capita: $6,274.44

Population distribution: the population concentrated along the southern and southeastern coast, and inland around Pretoria; the eastern half of the country is more densely populated than the west

#24. Myanmar (formerly Burma)
28/AnonMoos // Wikimedia Commons

#24. Myanmar (formerly Burma)

Population: 55,123,814

Population growth rate: 0.91%

Urban population: 30.6% of total population (1.74% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 25.6%

GDP per capita: $1,214.90

Population distribution: population concentrated along coastal areas and in general proximity to the shores of the Irrawaddy River; the extreme north is relatively underpopulated

#23. Italy
29/-revi // Wikimedia Commons

#23. Italy

Population: 62,137,802

Population growth rate: 0.19%

Urban population: 70.4% of total population (0.29% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 29.9%

GDP per capita: $30,915.16

Population distribution: despite a distinctive pattern with an industrial north and an agrarian south, a fairly even population distribution exists throughout most of the country, with coastal areas, the Po River Valley, and urban centers (particularly Milan, Rome, and Naples), attracting larger and denser populations

#22. United Kingdom
30/x // Wikimedia Commons

#22. United Kingdom

Population: 64,769,452

Population growth rate: 0.52%

Urban population: 83.4% of total population (0.89% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 15%

GDP per capita: $39,602.00

Population distribution: the core of the population lies in and around London, with significant clusters found in central Britain around Manchester and Liverpool, in the Scottish lowlands between Endinburgh and Glasgow, southern Wales in and around Cardiff, and far eastern Northern Ireland centered on Belfast

#21. France
31/AnonMoos // Wikimedia Commons

#21. France

Population: 67,106,161

Population growth rate: 0.39%

Urban population: 80.4% of total population (0.72% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 14%

GDP per capita: $38,372.04

Population distribution: much of the population is concentrated in the north and southeast; although there are many urban agglomerations throughout the country, Paris is by far the largest city, with Lyon ranked a distant second

#20. Thailand
32/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#20. Thailand

Population: 68,414,135

Population growth rate: 0.3%

Urban population: 49.9% of total population (1.73% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 7.2%

GDP per capita: $6,399.26

Population distribution: highest population density is found in and around Bangkok; significant population clusters found throughout large parts of the country, particularly north and northeast of Bangkok and in the extreme southern region of the country

#19. Germany
33/Madden // Wikimedia Commons

#19. Germany

Population: 80,594,017

Population growth rate: -0.16%

Urban population: 77.3% of total population (0.27% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 16.7%

GDP per capita: $45,313.54

Population distribution: most populous country in Europe; a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations, particularly in the far western part of the industrial state of North Rhine-Westphalia

#18. Turkey
34/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#18. Turkey

Population: 80,845,215

Population growth rate: 0.52%

Urban population: 75.1% of total population (2.04% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 21.9%

GDP per capita: $10,405.07

Population distribution: urban clusters are spread throughout the country, particularly in the northeast along the boarder with Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; the largest city is the capital, Kinshasa, located in the west along the Congo River; the south is least densely populated

#17. Iran
35/Various // Wikimedia Commons

#17. Iran

Population: 82,021,564

Population growth rate: 1.24%

Urban population: 74.9% of total population (1.71% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 18.7%

GDP per capita: $5,214.48

Population distribution: population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west, reflecting the position of the Zagros and Elburz Mountains; the vast dry areas in the center and eastern parts of the country, around the deserts of the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut, have a much lower population density

#16. Democratic Republic of the Congo
36/Nightstallion // Wikimedia Commons

#16. Democratic Republic of the Congo

Population: 83,301,151

Population growth rate: 2.37%

Urban population: 44.5% of total population (4.53% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 63%

GDP per capita: $485.23

Population distribution: urban clusters are spread throughout the country, particularly in the northeast along the boarder with Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; the largest city is the capital, Kinshasa, located in the west along the Congo River; the south is least densely populated

#15. Vietnam
37/Lưu Ly // Wikimedia Commons

#15. Vietnam

Population: 96,160,163

Population growth rate: 0.93%

Urban population: 35.9% of total population (2.98% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 11.3%

GDP per capita: $2,246.25

Population distribution: though it has one of the highest population densities in the world, the population is not evenly dispersed; clustering is heaviest along the South China Sea and Gulf of Tonkin, with the Mekong Delta (in the south) and the Red River Valley (in the north) having the largest concentrations of people

#14. Egypt
38/TRAJAN 117 // Wikimedia Commons

#14. Egypt

Population: 97,041,072

Population growth rate: 2.45%

Urban population: 42.7% of total population (1.86% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 25.2%

GDP per capita: $3,424.32

Population distribution: approximately 95% of the population lives within 20 kilometers of the Nile River and its delta; vast areas of the country remain sparsely populated or uninhabited

#13. Philippines
39/User:Achim1999 // Wikimedia Commons

#13. Philippines

Population: 104,256,076

Population growth rate: 1.57%

Urban population: 46.9% of total population (1.99% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 21.6%

GDP per capita: $3,080.88

Population distribution: population concentrated where good farmlands lie; highest concentrations are northwest and south-central Luzon, the southeastern extension of Luzon, and the islands of the Visayan Sea, particularly Cebu and Negros; Manila is home to one-eighth of the entire national population

#12. Ethiopia
40/SKopp // Wikimedia Commons

#12. Ethiopia

Population: 105,350,020

Population growth rate: 2.85%

Urban population: 20.8% of total population (4.63% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 29.6%

GDP per capita: $756.91

Population distribution: highest density is found in the highlands of the north and middle areas of the country, particularly around the centrally located capital city of Addis Ababa; the far east and southeast are sparsely populated

#11. Mexico
41/TownDown //Wikimedia Commons

#11. Mexico

Population: 124,574,795

Population growth rate: 1.12%

Urban population: 80.2% of total population (1.59% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 46.2%

GDP per capita: $9,167.18

Population distribution: most of the population is found in the middle of the country between the states of Jalisco and Veracruz; approximately a quarter of the population lives in and around Mexico City

#10. Japan
42/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#10. Japan

Population: 126,451,398

Population growth rate: -0.21%

Urban population: 91.6% of total population (-0.14% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 16.1%

GDP per capita: $38,623.54

Population distribution: all primary and secondary regions of high population density lie on the coast; one-third of the population resides in and around Tokyo on the central plain (Kanto Plain)

#9. Russia
43/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#9. Russia

Population: 142,257,519

Population growth rate: -0.08%

Urban population: 74.4% of total population (0.18% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 13.3%

GDP per capita: $10,326.34

Population distribution: population is heavily concentrated in the westernmost fifth of the country extending from the Baltic Sea, south to the Caspian Sea, and eastward parallel to the Kazakh border; elsewhere, sizeable pockets are isolated and generally found in the south

#8. Bangladesh
44/SKopp // Wikimedia Commons

#8. Bangladesh

Population: 157,826,578

Population growth rate: 1.04%

Urban population: 36.6% of total population (3.17% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 31.5%

GDP per capita: $1,584.02

Population distribution: No info

#7. Nigeria
45/Sangjinhwa // Wikimedia Commons

#7. Nigeria

Population: 190,632,261

Population growth rate: 2.43%

Urban population: 50.3% of total population (4.23% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 70%

GDP per capita: $2,071

Population distribution: largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest

#6. Pakistan
46/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#6. Pakistan

Population: 204,924,861

Population growth rate: 1.43%

Urban population: 36.7% of total population (2.53% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 29.5%

GDP per capita: $1,360.99

Population distribution: the Indus River and its tributaries attract most of the settlement, with Punjab province the most densely populated

#5. Brazil
47/Odder // Wikimedia Commons

#5. Brazil

Population: 207,353,391

Population growth rate: 0.73%

Urban population: 86.6% of total population (1.05% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 3.7%

GDP per capita: $10,036.01

Population distribution: the vast majority of people live along, or relatively near, the Atlantic coast in the east; the population core is in the southeast, anchored by the cities of Sao Paulo, Brasilia, and Rio de Janeiro

#4. Indonesia
48/SKopp // Wikimedia Commons

#4. Indonesia

Population: 260,580,739

Population growth rate: 0.86%

Urban population: 55.3% of total population (2.27% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 10.9%

GDP per capita: $3,879.80

Population distribution: major concentration on the island of Java, which is considered one of the most densely populated places on earth; of the outer islands (those surrounding Java and Bali), Sumatra contains some of the most significant clusters, particularly in the south near the Selat Sunda, and along the northeastern coast near Medan; the cities of Makassar (Sulawesi), Banjarmasin (Kalimantan) are also heavily populated

#3. United States
49/Dbenbenn // Wikimedia Commons

#3. United States

Population: 326,625,791

Population growth rate: 0.81%

Urban population: 82.3% of total population (0.95% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 15.1%

GDP per capita: $59,272.72

Population distribution: large urban clusters are spread throughout the eastern half of the US (particularly the Great Lakes area, northeast, east, and southeast) and the western tier states; mountainous areas, principally the Rocky Mountains and Appalachian chain, deserts in the southwest, the dense boreal forests in the extreme north, and the central prairie states are less densely populated; Alaska's population is concentrated along its southern coast - with particular emphasis on the city of Anchorage—and Hawaii's is centered on the island of Oahu

#2. India
50/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#2. India

Population: 1,281,935,911

Population growth rate: 1.17%

Urban population: 34% of total population (2.37% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 21.9%

GDP per capita: $1,902.59

Population distribution: with the notable exception of the deserts in the northwest, including the Thar Desert, and the mountain fringe in the north, a very high population density exists throughout most of the country; the core of the population is in the north along the banks of the Ganges, with other river valleys and southern coastal areas also having large population concentrations

#1. China
51/Zscout370 // Wikimedia Commons

#1. China

Population: 1,379,302,771

Population growth rate: 0.41%

Urban population: 59.2% of total population (2.42% annual rate of change)

Population below poverty line: 3.3%

GDP per capita: $8,656.55

Population distribution: overwhelming majority of the population is found in the eastern half of the country; the west, with its vast mountainous and desert areas, remains sparsely populated; though ranked first in the world in total population, overall density is less than that of many other countries in Asia and Europe; high population density is found along the Yangtze and Yellow River valleys, the Xi Jiang River delta, the Sichuan Basin (around Chengdu), in and around Beijing, and the industrial area around Shenyang

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