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Here's what the stock market returned the year you were born

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    1/ Flickr

    Here's what the stock market returned the year you were born

    For over two centuries, the U.S. stock market has embodied the American capitalist spirit. Pairing America’s most successful enterprises with the provided capital of investors looking to grow their wealth, the stock market reads as a barometer for the U.S. economy and a further reflection of events around the world.

    To understand the ups and downs of the market over the last 90 years, Stacker looked to historical returns for stocks covered by Standard & Poor’s. Using historical data from Ycharts and NYU Professor Aswath Damodaran, we’ve compiled total annual returns for every year from 1928 to 2017, reflecting price appreciation as well as distributions to shareholders. In 1957, the S&P transitioned its major index into an examination of 500 select companies, creating the well-known S&P 500 index. The index tracks companies listed on the NYSE or NASDAQ using a market capitalization weighting methodology—giving more weight to larger companies—as compared to the price-weighted approach employed by the Dow Jones Industrial Average. We've also include annual returns for 3-month U.S. Treasury bills—short-term bonds that serve as an indicator of the risk-free rate—as a basis for comparison to stock market returns.

    Read on to discover how the markets moved the year you were born.

  • Alexandra Studios // Wikicommons
    2/ Alexandra Studios // Wikicommons

    1928

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 43.81%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.08%

  • Wikicommons
    3/ Wikicommons

    1929

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -8.3%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.16%

  • Wikicommons
    4/ Wikicommons

    1930

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -25.12%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.55%

  • Wikicommons
    5/ Wikicommons

    1931

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -43.84%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 2.31%

  • Wikicommons
    6/ Wikicommons

    1932

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -8.64%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.07%

  • Wikicommons
    7/ Wikicommons

    1933

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 49.98%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.96%

  • Wikicommons
    8/ Wikicommons

    1934

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -1.19%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.32%

  • Wikicommons
    9/ Wikicommons

    1935

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 46.74%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.18%

  • Berenice Abbott // Wikicommons
    10/ Berenice Abbott // Wikicommons

    1936

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 31.94%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.17%

  • Unnamed WPA photographer // Wikicommons
    11/ Unnamed WPA photographer // Wikicommons

    1937

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -35.34%

    Annual return on an investment in a 3-month T.Bill: 0.3%

  • Wikicommons
    12/ Wikicommons

    1938

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 29.28%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.08%

  • Florida Keys--Public Libraries // Wikicommons
    13/ Florida Keys--Public Libraries // Wikicommons

    1939

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -1.1%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.04%

  • Abbie Rowe // Wikicommons
    14/ Abbie Rowe // Wikicommons

    1940

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -10.67%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.03%

  • Flickr
    15/ Flickr

    1941

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -12.77%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.08%

  • Wikicommons
    16/ Wikicommons

    1942

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 19.17%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.34%

  • Marjory Collins // Wikicommons
    17/ Marjory Collins // Wikicommons

    1943

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 25.06%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.38%

  • William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons
    18/ William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons

    1944

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 19.03%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.38%

  • Wikicommons
    19/ Wikicommons

    1945

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 35.82%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.38%

  • New York Public Library // Flickr
    20/ New York Public Library // Flickr

    1946

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -8.43%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.38%

  • William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons
    21/ William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons

    1947

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 5.2%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.57%

  • William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons
    22/ William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons

    1948

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 5.7%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.02%

  • William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons
    23/ William P. Gottlieb // Wikicommons

    1949

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 18.3%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.1%

  • Kheel Center
    24/ Kheel Center

    1950

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 30.81%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.17%

  • Joe+Jeanette Archie // Wikimedia Commons
    25/ Joe+Jeanette Archie // Wikimedia Commons

    1951

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 23.68%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.48%

  • Kheel Center // Flickr
    26/ Kheel Center // Flickr

    1952

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 18.15%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.67%

  • U.S. Navy
    27/ U.S. Navy

    1953

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -1.21%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.89%

  • Center For Jewish History // Wikicommons
    28/ Center For Jewish History // Wikicommons

    1954

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 52.56%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.96%

  • National Archief // Wikicommons
    29/ National Archief // Wikicommons

    1955

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 32.6%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.66%

  • Wikicommons
    30/ Wikicommons

    1956

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 7.44%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 2.56%

  • Old Guard Museum // Wikicommons
    31/ Old Guard Museum // Wikicommons

    1957

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -10.46%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.23%

  • State Archives of North Carolina
    32/ State Archives of North Carolina

    1958

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 43.72%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.78%

  • Kheel Center
    33/ Kheel Center

    1959

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 12.06%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.26%

  • Kheel Center // Wikicommons
    34/ Kheel Center // Wikicommons

    1960

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 0.34%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.05%

  • Wikicommons
    35/ Wikicommons

    1961

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 26.64%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 2.27%

  • NASA
    36/ NASA

    1962

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -8.81%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 2.78%

  • Flickr
    37/ Flickr

    1963

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 22.61%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.11%

  • Wikicommons
    38/ Wikicommons

    1964

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 16.42%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.51%

  • Wikicommons
    39/ Wikicommons

    1965

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 12.4%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.9%

  • Cobravictor // Flickr
    40/ Cobravictor // Flickr

    1966

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -9.97%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.84%

  • George Eastman House // Wikicommons
    41/ George Eastman House // Wikicommons

    1967

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 23.8%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.33%

  • Wikicomons
    42/ Wikicomons

    1968

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 10.81%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.26%

  • Wikicommons
    43/ Wikicommons

    1969

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -8.24%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 6.56%

  • Wikicommons
    44/ Wikicommons

    1970

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 3.56%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 6.69%

  • U.S. National Archives // Flickr
    45/ U.S. National Archives // Flickr

    1971

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 14.22%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.54%

  • Wikicommons
    46/ Wikicommons

    1972

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 18.76%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.95%

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    1973

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -14.31%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 6.73%

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    1974

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -25.9%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 7.78%

  • Wikicommons
    49/ Wikicommons

    1975

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 37%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.99%

  • Wikicommons
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    1976

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 23.83%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.97%

  • Wikicommons
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    1977

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -6.98%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.13%

  • Wikicommons
    52/ Wikicommons

    1978

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 6.51%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 6.93%

  • Thomas J. O'Halloran // Wikicommons
    53/ Thomas J. O'Halloran // Wikicommons

    1979

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 18.52%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 9.94%

  • David Foster
    54/ David Foster

    1980

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 31.74%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 11.22%

  • George Louis // Wikicommons
    55/ George Louis // Wikicommons

    1981

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -4.7%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 14.3%

  • Wikicommons
    56/ Wikicommons

    1982

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 20.42%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 11.01%

  • Bradmays // Wikicommons
    57/ Bradmays // Wikicommons

    1983

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 22.34%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 8.45%

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    58/ Wikicommons

    1984

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 6.15%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 9.61%

  • Barbara Ann Spengler
    59/ Barbara Ann Spengler

    1985

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 31.24%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 7.49%

  • Jeff Marquis
    60/ Jeff Marquis

    1986

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 18.49%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 6.04%

  • Ron Gilbert // Flickr
    61/ Ron Gilbert // Flickr

    1987

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 5.81%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.72%

  • Wikicommons
    62/ Wikicommons

    1988

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 16.54%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 6.45%

  • PhillipC // Flickr
    63/ PhillipC // Flickr

    1989

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 31.48%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 8.11%

  • PhillipC // Flickr
    64/ PhillipC // Flickr

    1990

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -3.06%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 7.55%

  • Lars Plougmann // Wikicommons
    65/ Lars Plougmann // Wikicommons

    1991

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 30.23%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.61%

  • Sander Lamme // Wikicommons
    66/ Sander Lamme // Wikicommons

    1992

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 7.49%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.41%

  • Carol M. Highsmith // Wikicommons
    67/ Carol M. Highsmith // Wikicommons

    1993

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 9.97%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 2.98%

  • Karlunun // Wikicommons
    68/ Karlunun // Wikicommons

    1994

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 1.33%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.99%

  • Infrogmation of New Orleans // Wikicommons
    69/ Infrogmation of New Orleans // Wikicommons

    1995

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 37.2%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.52%

  • Wikicommons
    70/ Wikicommons

    1996

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 22.68%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.02%

  • Eric Hunt // Wikicommons
    71/ Eric Hunt // Wikicommons

    1997

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 33.1%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.05%

  • PublicDomainPictures
    72/ PublicDomainPictures

    1998

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 28.34%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.73%

  • Wikicommons
    73/ Wikicommons

    1999

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 20.89%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.51%

  • Rob Boudon // Wikicommons
    74/ Rob Boudon // Wikicommons

    2000

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -9.03%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 5.76%

  • U.S. Coast Guard
    75/ U.S. Coast Guard

    2001

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -11.85%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.67%

  • Luis Villa del Campo // Wikicommons
    76/ Luis Villa del Campo // Wikicommons

    2002

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -21.97%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.66%

  • President of Russia
    77/ President of Russia

    2003

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 28.36%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.03%

  • Andy C // Wikicommons
    78/ Andy C // Wikicommons

    2004

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 10.74%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.23%

  • George W. Bush White House
    79/ George W. Bush White House

    2005

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 4.83%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 3.01%

  • bfishadow // Flickr
    80/ bfishadow // Flickr

    2006

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 15.61%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.68%

  • George W. Bush White House
    81/ George W. Bush White House

    2007

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 5.48%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 4.64%

  • Ryan Lawler // Wikicommons
    82/ Ryan Lawler // Wikicommons

    2008

    Annual return on the S&P 500: -36.55%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.59%

  • Wikicommons
    83/ Wikicommons

    2009

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 25.94%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.14%

  • Flickr
    84/ Flickr

    2010

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 14.82%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.13%

  • David Shankbone // Wikicommons
    85/ David Shankbone // Wikicommons

    2011

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 2.1%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.03%

  • Balon Greyjoy // Wikicommons
    86/ Balon Greyjoy // Wikicommons

    2012

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 15.89%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.05%

  • Wikicommons
    87/ Wikicommons

    2013

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 32.15%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.07%

  • George Rex // Flickr
    88/ George Rex // Flickr

    2014

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 13.52%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.05%

  • National Park Service
    89/ National Park Service

    2015

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 1.38%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.21%

  • Carlos Delgado; CC-BY-SA // WIkicommons
    90/ Carlos Delgado; CC-BY-SA // WIkicommons

    2016

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 11.77%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 0.51%

  • GoginkLobabi // Wikicommons
    91/ GoginkLobabi // Wikicommons

    2017

    Annual return on the S&P 500: 21.64%

    Annual return on 3-month Treasury bills: 1.39%

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